Fish fur (Russian: рыбий мех) is a Russian language ironic expression used to describe poor quality of coats and other clothes worn for warmth. In modern times it is also used for fake fur, especially of poor quality. The term traces back to a Russian proverb "A poor man's fur coat is of fish fur." ( У бедняка шуба на рыбьем меху).
The expression has often been used to describe the uniform of the Soviet Army. In particular, elements of winter uniform (ushanka, collars, mittens) of ordinary soldiers and lower ranks were made of wool pile, which has been a popular cheap material for civilian clothing as well.
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn in his Gulag Archipelago records the expression "Stalin's fur" in the meaning of no fur of any kind, in reference to the dress of Gulag inmates, supposedly derived in an analogy with "fish fur".
- "Random House Russian-English Dictionary of Idioms" (1995) ISBN 0-679-40580-1
- Steven J. Zaloga (1987) "Inside the Soviet Army Today" ISBN 0-85045-741-6 p. 53
- Alexander Solzhenitsyn, The Gulag Archipelago, 1918-1956, ISBN 0-8133-3291-5 p. 534