Pile (textile)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For homonymy, see Pile.

In textiles, pile is the raised surface or nap of a fabric, which is made of upright loops or strands of yarn.[1] Examples of pile textiles are carpets, corduroy, velvet, plush, and Turkish towels.[2] The word is derived from Latin pilus for "hair"[3]

The surface and the yarn in these fabrics also called "pile". In particular "pile length" or "pile depth" refer to the length of the yarn strands (half-length of the loops).

The types of pile include:

  • loop pile
  • uncut pile
  • cut pile
  • knotted pile
  • tufted pile
  • woven pile
  • cord pile
  • twist pile

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Pile." The Oxford English Dictionay. 2nd ed. 1989.
  2. ^ "pile", Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. Retrieved 10 September 2007.
  3. ^ "Pile," Online Etymology Dictionary. Douglas Harper, Historian. retrieved from dictionary.com 10 September 2007.