Fivizzano

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Fivizzano
Comune
Comune di Fivizzano
Piazza Medicea
Piazza Medicea
Fivizzano is located in Italy
Fivizzano
Fivizzano
Location of Fivizzano in Italy
Coordinates: 44°14′N 10°08′E / 44.233°N 10.133°E / 44.233; 10.133Coordinates: 44°14′N 10°08′E / 44.233°N 10.133°E / 44.233; 10.133
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province / Metropolitan city Massa and Carrara (MS)
Government
 • Mayor Paolo Grassi
Area
 • Total 180 km2 (70 sq mi)
Elevation 326 m (1,070 ft)
Population (31 August 2015)
 • Total 7,927
 • Density 44/km2 (110/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Fivizzanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 54013
Dialing code 0585
Patron saint Saint Antonio Abate
Website Official website

Fivizzano, a walled city in the province of Massa and Carrara, Tuscany (Italy), became part of the Republic of Florence in the 15th century thus gaining the Tuscan republic an important foothold in Lunigiana, a key region which Genoa, Lucca, Pisa, Milan and Florence had sought to dominate since the early Middle Ages. It is also known as "The Florence of Lunigiana" because of historical economic, cultural and political links with Florence. It is situated near Verrucola Castle, which was home to the artist Pietro Cascella until his death in May 2008.

Main sights[edit]

  • Orto Botanico dei Frignoli, a botanical garden and nature preserve
  • Fivizzano Museum of Printing, located in the Palazzo Fantoni Bononi, was created by Loris Jacopo Bononi to honor the printer Jacopo da Fivizzano who printed the first books with typed characters in c. 1470
  • The city walls, rebuilt under the direction of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, in the middle of the 16th century after they ad been destructed by Charles VIII of France during his invasion of Italy.
  • The Baroque fountain in the main piazza, donated by Cosimo III de' Medici in 1683
  • The birthplace/tomb of poet Giovanni Fantoni (1755–1807), called the 'Tuscan Orazio'. Better known by his Archadian name 'Labindo'
  • Fivizzano's Augustinian monastery, founded in 1391 and seriously damaged by the earthquake of 1920, was the second Augustinian monastery built in Tuscany and as such it was one of the most culturally significant monasteries of that order in Italy. The monastery and its adjacent church, San Giovanni (constructed in 1335), was the home base to native-born Augustinian cleric Leonardo da Vallazzana (known as Leonardo da Fivizzano) whose oratorical skills captivated Lorenzo the Magnificent and church goers throughout Florence and were used to formally announce the excommunication of the Dominican cleric Savonarola. The monastery was also the home of Alessio Cassani (subject of the University of Pisa thesis of Sandro Bondi, previous mayor of Fivizzano and former Minister of Culture), a friar accused of heresy for hiding within the monastery numerous writings favorable to Luther.
  • The Museum of San Giovanni, built within the ruins of the church of San Giovanni and adjacent to the foundations of the Augustinian monastery. It displays the marble lid of the sarcophagus where the sculpted body of the Augustinian cleric Leonardo da Vallanzana (Leonardo da Fivizzano), the nemesis of Savonarola, is displayed, resting cross-armed on a bed of books. Displays in this small museum also include a view of the original ancient foundations of the building as well as Medieval, Renaissance and modern paintings, frescoes, and tapestries.

Events[edit]

  • The annual 'Disfida degli Arceri di terra e di Corte' (Challenge of the Ground Archers and the Court Archers), a historical archery contest which takes place in July in the Piazza Medicea.
  • The annual 'Tangoworld' festival in September. It is one of the largest representations of Argentinian tango in Italy

People[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

Fivizzano is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Recent research edited by Maria Fazzi and published in 2011 under the direction of the Comune of Fivizzano attest to this.