A tumble turn or flip turn is one of the turns in swimming, used to reverse the direction in which the person is swimming. It is done when the swimmer reaches the end of the swimming pool but still has one or more lengths to swim.
The technique's development is credited, by the International Swimming Hall of Fame, to Al Vande Weghe at the AAU Nationals in 1934. Previously this entry erroneously credited the invention of the flip turn to University of Texas swim coach Tex Robertson while he was training Adolph Kiefer for the 1936 Olympics.
Flip turns are only permitted during freestyle and backstroke races. In butterfly and breaststroke races, regulations require swimmers to touch the end of the pool with both hands simultaneously before turning back for another length. This style of turning is called an open turn.
If the event is medley swimming turns vary based on the combination order of what stroke the swimmer is changing from and to. According to the USA Swimming Stroke and Turn Regulations, in order of the strokes the turns are to be:
- Butterfly to backstroke is a two-hand touch open turn
- Backstroke to breaststroke the swimmer must first touch on their back and then flip and/or turn in whatever way based on swimmer preference
- Breaststroke to freestyle is two hand touch open turn.
- "ALBERT VANDEWEGHE (USA), 1990 Honor Swimmer". Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- "Former Men's Swimming and Diving coach "Tex" Robertson passes away at 98". Texassports.com. 2007-08-27. Archived from the original on September 27, 2008. Retrieved 2007-09-17.
- Amateur Swimming Association (ASA), Swimming Teaching and Coaching, Level 1, Hogarth L. (1998).
- Leisure Press, Swimming into the 21st Century - Colwin C. Mayfield, Swim Even Faster, Maglischo E W, (Edit.1993).
- Pelham Books, Coaching the Young Swimmer, Wilke K, Madsen O, (1992/3).
- Wolfe Medical Publications, Athletic Ability and the Anatomy of Motion, Wirhed R, (1984).
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