Fountain City, Wisconsin

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Fountain City, Wisconsin
WIS-35 through town
WIS-35 through town
Location of Fountain City in Buffalo County, Wisconsin.
Location of Fountain City in Buffalo County, Wisconsin.
Coordinates: 44°7′28″N 91°42′34″W / 44.12444°N 91.70944°W / 44.12444; -91.70944Coordinates: 44°7′28″N 91°42′34″W / 44.12444°N 91.70944°W / 44.12444; -91.70944
CountryUnited States
StateWisconsin
CountyBuffalo
Area
 • Total5.57 sq mi (14.43 km2)
 • Land4.29 sq mi (11.11 km2)
 • Water1.28 sq mi (3.32 km2)
Elevation669 ft (204 m)
Population
 • Total859
 • Estimate 
(2016)[4]
849
 • Density200.2/sq mi (77.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Zip code
54629
Area code(s)608
FIPS code55-26850[5]
GNIS feature ID1565171[2]

Fountain City is a city in Buffalo County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The population was 859 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Fountain City was originally called Holmes' Landing, after Thomas Holmes, who settled there in 1839.[6] Boats would stop at the landing to take on firewood, as well as water from springs not far from the river, leading to the name of Fountain City.

Geography[edit]

Fountain City is located at 44°7′28″N 91°42′34″W / 44.12444°N 91.70944°W / 44.12444; -91.70944 (44.124506, -91.709470),[7] at the intersection of highways 35 and 95.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.57 square miles (14.43 km2), of which, 4.29 square miles (11.11 km2) are land and 1.28 square miles (3.32 km2) are covered by water.[1]

The city is located on a bend in the Mississippi River, where the river flows right at the base of the bluffs on the east side of the valley. Because of this, at some points, the city is only two houses wide; one on each side of Wisconsin Highway 35. Eagle Creek and Waumandee Creek flow into Fountain City Bay northwest of the city limits. Eagle Creek flows around the base of Eagle Bluff, one of the tallest bluffs along the Mississippi.

The steep bluffs are characteristic of the Driftless Area of Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Iowa, a region that was not smoothed over by glacier like much of the rest of the Midwest, but rather deeply cut by runoff from the rapidly melting glaciers.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870867
188096311.1%
18909720.9%
19001,0316.1%
19101,0310.0%
1920880−14.6%
19308800.0%
194098511.9%
1950934−5.2%
19609340.0%
19701,0178.9%
1980963−5.3%
1990938−2.6%
20009834.8%
2010859−12.6%
Est. 2016849[4]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, 859 people, 410 households, and 215 families resided in the city. The population density was 200.2 inhabitants per square mile (77.3/km2). The 467 housing unitsaveraged of 108.9 per square mile (42.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.0% White, 0.1% African American, 1.4% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.0% of the population.

Of the 410 households, 19.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.6% were not families. About34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.74.

The median age in the city was 42.3 years; 16.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.5% were from 25 to 44; 28.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.1% male and 46.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, 983 people, 444 households, and 241 families resided in the city. The population density was 220.6 people per square mile (85.1/km²). The 470 housing units averaged 105.5 per square mile (40.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.49% White, 0.10% Native American, 0.10% Asian, and 0.31% from two or more races. Latinos of any race were 0.10% of the population.

Of the 444 households, 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.5% were not families. Around 40.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city, the population was distributed as 19.7% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,524, and for a family was $47,692. Males had a median income of $31,488 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,396. About 2.8% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The economy has depended more recently on agriculture and tourism.[citation needed] Tourists are drawn to the river bluffs and the Mississippi River itself; the Great River Road runs through the city. Merrick State Park is a short distance up Fountain City Bay, a slough of the river.

The United States Army Corps of Engineers maintains a base on the north side of town. It was the long-time home of the dredge William A. Thompson, which the Corps used to maintain the 9-foot (2.7 m) shipping depth of the Mississippi's main channel.[9] The dredge Goetz, which replaced the Thompson, now uses the base as its home port.[10]

Education[edit]

Fountain City is part of the Cochrane-Fountain City School District.

Transportation[edit]

Fountain City is located on Wisconsin Highway 35. The west termini of Wisconsin Highway 95 and Wisconsin Highway 88 are also located near the city.

Notable people[edit]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ Buffalo County History
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ USACE Document on William A. Thompson
  10. ^ Dredge Goetz christened for duty on theMississippi River
  11. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1882,' Biographical Sketch of August Finkelnburg, pg. 537
  12. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1905,' Biographical Sketch of Fred J. Bohri, pg. 1090
  13. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1899,' Biographical Sketch of Henry Roettiger, pg. 763
  14. ^ THE LEGISLATIVE MANUAL OF THE STATE OF WISCONSIN (16th ed.). Madison, Wis. 1877. p. 457.

External links[edit]