|Motto: Home of Wisconsin's Biggest Little Fair!|
Location of Gilmanton, Wisconsin
|• Total||36.3 sq mi (94.0 km2)|
|• Land||35.9 sq mi (92.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)|
|Elevation||801 ft (244 m)|
|• Density||12/sq mi (4.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Area code(s)||715 & 534|
|GNIS feature ID||1583277|
Gilmanton was first settled by Samuel Gilman in 1855. He and his four sons started to live upon the land, building cabins and cutting hay for their animal stock. The same year the first child, a girl, was born in Gilman Valley. The first religious meeting was held in a house of one of the settlers, overseen by Rev. B.F. Morse. In 1858 the first post office was established, with William Loumis as the first postmaster. Gilmanton Township was initially called the "Loomis Settlement." The name was changed to Gilmanton May 25, 1858.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.3 square miles (94.0 km2), of which 35.9 square miles (92.9 km2) is land and 0.42 square miles (1.1 km2), or 1.20%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 470 people, 173 households, and 126 families residing in the town. The population density was 13.0 people per square mile (5.0/km²). There were 180 housing units at an average density of 5.0 per square mile (1.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.57% White, and 0.43% from two or more races.
There were 173 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.2% were married couples living together, 2.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the town, the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 101.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,156, and the median income for a family was $35,469. Males had a median income of $25,000 versus $20,268 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,769. About 4.6% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
The Gilmanton Free Fair has been held annually since 1947. Activities include a tractor pulling contest, a barbecue cook-off, a bean bag tournament, a softball tournament, and more. The event raises funds for school and community projects.
- Charles W. Gilman (1862-1983), Wisconsin State Assemblyman and lawyer, was born in the town.
- Franklin Gilman (1825-1888), Wisconsin State Assemblyman and farmer, lived in the town.
- Elmer A. Kenyon (1870–1922), Wisconsin State Assemblyman, farmer, and businessman, was born in the town.
- Edward Lees (c. 1819–1893), politician
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Gilmanton town, Buffalo County, Wisconsin". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
- Kessinger, L. (1888). History of Buffalo County, Wisconsin. Alma, Wisconsin: Author. pp. 636–638.
- Franklyn Curtiss-Wedge (comp.). History of Buffalo and Pepin Counties, Wisconsin, Vol. 1. Winona, MN: H. C. Cooper, 1919, p. 89.
- Gilmanton Free Fair.
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1903,' Biographical Sketch of Charles W. Gilman, pg. 1088
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1880,' Biographical Sketch of Franklin Gilman, pg. 509
- The Wisconsin Blue Book, 1921. Madison: State Printing Board, 1921, p. 262.