François Gigot de la Peyronie

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François Gigot de la Peyronie
Born(1678-01-15)15 January 1678
Montpellier, France
Died25 April 1747(1747-04-25) (aged 69)
Known forPeyronie's disease

François Gigot de la Peyronie (pronounced [fʁɑ̃swa ʒiɡod la pɛʁɔni]; 15 January 1678 – 25 April 1747) was a French surgeon who was born in Montpellier, France. His name is associated with a condition known as Peyronie's disease.

As a teenager, he studied philosophy and surgery in Montpellier, where in 1695 he received his diploma as a barber-surgeon. Peyronie became fascinated with phalluses, which later developed into a lifelong obsession. He continued his education in Paris as a student of Georges Mareschal (1658–1736), who was chief-surgeon at the Hôpital de la Charité. Afterwards he returned to Montpellier as lecturer on anatomy and surgery, and was surgeon-major at the Hôtel-Dieu de Montpellier. In 1714 Peyronie returned to Paris, where he was appointed surgeon-major at the Hôpital de la Charité. In Paris he also taught anatomy at the Jardin du Roi and at the amphitheatre of Saint-Côme.

In 1736, after the death of Mareschal, he became first-surgeon to King Louis XV. He took interest in the medical educational system, and was instrumental in the reorganization of surgical schools. He was a major factor regarding the creation of a 1743 law that banned barbers from practicing surgery. With Georges Mareschal, he founded the Académie Royale de Chirurgie (1731),[1] and was its chairman from 1736 to 1747. At Montpellier, Peyronie donated the money for the construction of an amphitheatre based on the Collège Saint-Côme de Paris. In 1752 the construction began, and in 1757 the grand opening of the Hotel Saint-Côme de Montpellier took place.

In 1743 Peyronie described a disorder characterized by induration of the corpora cavernosa of the penis. This condition is now referred to as Peyronie's disease.


  • Fischer, Louis-Paul; Ferrandis Jean-Jacques; Blatteau Jean-Eric (2010). "François de Lapeyronie, from Montpellier (1678-1747). "Surgery restorer" and universal spirit. The soul, Musc, rooster eggs". Hist Sci Med (in French). France. 43 (3): 241–8. ISSN 0440-8888. PMID 20506696.
  1. ^ Archives du Pas-de-Calais Archived 2014-04-24 at the Wayback Machine April 8, 1658: born in Calais surgeon Georges Mareschal.

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