Hôpital de la Charité
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|Hôpital de la Charité|
The Infirmary of the Hospital of Charity, c. 1639; by Abraham Bosse
|Lists||Hospitals in France|
In 1606, Marie de Médicis invited the Brothers Hospitallers of St. John of God to come to France. The Abbot of Saint-Germain-des-Prés granted them the use of its former Saint-Père chapel, which they repaired. They were later given the chapel and its attached cemetery outright.
In 1613, work started on the construction of major hospital structures. The old chapel was demolished and a new one was established in July 1621 by the Archbishop of Embrun. It was renovated in the middle of the 17th century, and in 1732 it received its great portal designed by the architect Jules-Robert de Cotte. The rue Turenne façade was designed by Destouches. The chapel still stands at the corner of the boulevard Saint-Germain and the rue des Saints-Pères. The French National Academy of Medicine had its offices in this chapel from 1850 to 1902.
The original buildings of the Hôpital de la Charité were demolished around 1935 to make place for the new Faculté de médecine de Paris.
In the late 18th-century, the hospital became an important institution for clinical instruction; Louis Desbois de Rochefort (1750-1786) started a bedside instruction that focused on the patient's symptoms and physical signs as diagnostic indicators, marking a major development in the history of medicine in France. Rochefort was succeeded by his assistant Corvisart in 1788, who questioned the traditional humoral theory, and employed more physical methods such as palpitation and percussion.
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