Francis Cadell (artist)
Francis Campbell Boileau Cadell RSA (12 April 1883 – 6 December 1937) was a Scottish Colourist painter, renowned for his depictions of the elegant New Town interiors of his native Edinburgh, and for his work on Iona.
Life and work
Francis Cadell (pronounced "Caddle") was born in Edinburgh, the son of Francis Cadell FRCSE, a surgeon His childhood home was at 22 Ainslie Place on Edinburgh's prestigious Moray Estate, and was educated at the Edinburgh Academy. His sister was Jean Cadell a well-known actress. From the age of 16 he studied in Paris at the Académie Julian, where he was in contact with the French avant-garde of the day. While in France, his exposure to work by the early Fauvists, and in particular Matisse, proved to be his most lasting influence. After his return to Scotland, he was a regular exhibitor in Edinburgh and Glasgow, as well as in London.
Cadell was a left-handed painter. While a student, the President of the Royal Scottish Academy tried to stop him painting with his left hand because 'No artist ever became great who did so.' Cadell swiftly replied 'Sir and did not the great Michelangelo paint with his left hand?' The President did not respond and left the room quickly. A fellow student asked Cadell how he had known that Michelangelo was left-handed. Cadell confessed 'I didn't know but nor did the president.'
Cadell spent much of his adult life in Scotland and had little direct contact with many of the new ideas that were being developed abroad. He therefore tended to use subjects and environments that were close at hand – landscapes, fashionable Edinburgh New Town house interiors, still life and figures in both oil and watercolour. He is particularly noted for his portraits of glamorous women whom he painted in a loose, impressionistic manner, depicting his subject with vibrant waves of colour. He enjoyed the landscape of Iona enormously, which he first visited in 1912 and features prominently in his work. During the 1920s he spent several summers with Samuel Peploe, another Scottish Colourist, on painting trips to Iona, and was also friends with the Scottish architect Reginald Fairlie.
He lived at 6 and 22 Ainslie Place, Edinburgh from 1920-1932. During this time he befriended Reginald Fairlie who lived at 7 Ainslie Place and they remained friends thereafter. He then lived at 30 Regent Terrace from 1932-1935 where he found it more and more difficult to sell his paintings because of the economic climate. He finally moved to 4 Warriston Crescent where he died in poverty on 6 December 1937. Two of his paintings were offered for over £500,000 in 2009.
Cadell's Estate is represented by Portland Gallery, London.
- "The Scottish Colourist Series: F C B Cadell". Edinburgh: National Galleries of Scotland. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
- Cornwell, Tim (24 October 2011). "The Scotsman's arts correspondent Tim Cornwell on the trail of artist FCB Cadell". The Scotsman. Edinburgh. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
- Francis Campbell Boileau Cadell accessed 3 September 2009
- Edinburgh and Leith Post Office Directory 1891-92
- People & Portraits - Francis Campbell Boileau Cadell Accessed 3 September 2009
- Mitchell, Anne (1993), "The People of Calton Hill", Mercat Press, James Thin, Edinburgh, ISBN 1-873644-18-3.
- Francis Cadell Biography Accessed 3 September 2009
- Unseen Colourist canvases see the light after 90 years The Scotsman 2009-06-05 Accessed 3 September 2009
- History Paths Edinburgh Accessed 3 September 2009
- Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Reginald Fairlie
- Long, Philip and Cumming, Elizabeth "The Scottish Colourists 1900–1930", Mainstream Publishing, ISBN 1-84018-383-7
- Biographical Details of Reginald Francis Joseph Fairlie Architect Accessed on 3 September 2009
- "Francis Cadell Biography". Portland Gallery. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Francis Cadell.|
- Major Cadell exhibition at Portland Gallery in February 2011 to coincide with the re-publication of the book on Cadell by Tom Hewlett
- F. C. B. Cadell at Portland Gallery: Portland Gallery are proud to represent the Estate of F.C.B. Cadell
- Francis Cadell at Richard Nagy Gallery
- www.Francis-Campbell-Boileau-Cadell.org 61 paintings by Francis Cadell