Francis James Roscoe

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Francis James Roscoe
Francis James Roscoe.jpg
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Victoria
In office
Serving with Amor De Cosmos
Preceded byHenry Nathan, Jr.
Amor De Cosmos
Succeeded byJohn A. Macdonald
Amor De Cosmos
Personal details
Liverpool, England
DiedDecember 20, 1878 (aged 46–47)
Victoria, British Columbia
Political partyIndependent Liberal
Spouse(s)Anna Letitia Le Breton

Francis James Roscoe (1831 – December 20, 1878) was a Canadian entrepreneur and Member of Parliament.[1]

Francis Roscoe was born in Liverpool, England,[1] the son of W.S. Roscoe, was educated at University College and the University of London and came to British Columbia in 1862,[2] settling in the Ross Bay area of Victoria, British Columbia. He was the younger brother of poet William Caldwell Roscoe and the grandson of English historian and writer William Roscoe.[3] In 1864, he married Anna Letitia Le Breton. Roscoe was a partner in several hardware and ironware ventures. In 1870, he became the Commissioner of Savings Banks for the British Columbia colony.[2] Roscoe stood for election as an Independent Liberal candidate in the Canadian federal election in 1874 in the two-member Victoria riding. He placed second in a close three-way race and was elected along with Liberal incumbent Amor De Cosmos.[1]

Ross Bay Villa

Roscoe did not stand for re-election in 1878[1] and died later in the year in Victoria at the age of 47.[2] He was replaced in the seat by incoming Prime Minister John A. Macdonald who had lost his Ontario seat earlier as the BC portion of the election was delayed, and because he was deemed unelectable in eastern Canada due to ongoing politics surrounding his role in the Pacific Scandal.

Roscoe's Victoria home is today preserved by The Land Conservancy of BC as a rare example of a pre-Confederation colonial house.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d Francis James Roscoe – Parliament of Canada biography
  2. ^ a b c Johnson, J.K. (1968). The Canadian Directory of Parliament 1867-1967. Public Archives of Canada.
  3. ^ Burke, John (1838). A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland . vol. 4. p. 598. Retrieved 2009-09-21.
  4. ^ Roscoe's Victoria home from the Land Conservancy