Francis Mathew, 1st Earl Landaff

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Francis Mathew, 1st Earl Landaff (September 1738 – 30 July 1806) was an Anglo-Irish politician and peer.

Mathew was the only son and heir of Thomas and Mary Mathew. His father's family had settled in Ireland from Wales a generation before. He had one sister, Catherine, who married firstly Philip Roe, and secondly John Scott, 1st Earl of Clonmell. She died in 1771. Mathew served in the Irish House of Commons as the Member of Parliament for Tipperary between 1768 and 1783. In 1769 he was High Sheriff of Tipperary. On 12 October 1783 he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Landaff, of Thomastown in the County of Tipperary, and assumed his seat in the Irish House of Lords.[1] On 4 December 1793 he was further honoured when he was made Viscount Landaff.

From 1794 to 1797, Lord Landaff was Colonel of the 14th Regiment of Foot. On 22 November 1797 he was made Earl Landaff.[2] Following the implementation of the Acts of Union 1800, he was elected as one of the 28 original Irish representative peers and took his seat in the British House of Lords. Between 1769 and his death he also held the position of Custos Rotulorum of Tipperary.

Lord Landaff married three times. He was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son from his first marriage, Francis Mathew.[3] Another son was the politician, Montague James Mathew.


Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Henry Prittie
Sir Thomas Maude, 2nd Bt
Member of Parliament for Tipperary
1768 – 1783
With: Sir Thomas Maude, 2nd Bt (1768-1776)
Henry Prittie 1776–1783
Succeeded by
Daniel Toler
Henry Prittie
Political offices
Preceded by
New position
Irish Representative Peer for Ireland
Succeeded by
Earl of Charlemont
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Earl Landaff
Succeeded by
Francis Mathew
New creation Viscount Landaff
New creation Baron Landaff