|Major General Frank Dwight Baldwin|
Frank D. Baldwin
June 26, 1842|
|Died||April 22, 1923
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance|| United States of America
|Service/branch|| United States Army
|Years of service||1861, 1862–1865, 1866–1906|
|Unit||5th U.S. Infantry|
American Civil War
Medal of Honor (2) Civil War Campaign Medal Indian Campaign Medal Spanish Campaign MedalHillsdale County, Michigan Veteran's Hall of Fame
Frank Dwight Baldwin (June 26, 1842 – April 22, 1923), a native of Constantine, Michigan, and born in Manchester, Michigan, is one of only 19 servicemen to receive the Medal of Honor twice. Baldwin received this award for his actions during the Atlanta Campaign where he led his company to battle at Peachtree Creek and captured two commissioned officers in the American Civil War. He received his second Medal of Honor for conspicuous bravery in 1874 during the Indian Wars.
Life and career
Baldwin served through the Civil War in the 19th Michigan Infantry, fighting in all his regiment's battles from 1862 to 1865. Upon the postbellum reorganization of the Regular Army, he was commissioned into the 19th United States Regular Infantry as a Second Lieutenant. He eventually was assigned to the 5th U.S. Infantry, with whom he fought in the various frontier conflicts with the Indians. His actions in an attack on an Indian village on the Red River in Montana on December 18, 1876, earned him a brevet of Captain, U.S. Regular Army (awarded on February 27, 1890).
He served with distinction under General Nelson A. Miles as chief of scouts during campaigns against Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. Baldwin also served in the Philippines during the Spanish–American War. He was promoted to Brigadier General, U.S. Regular Army on June 9, 1902. In 1906, he was advanced to Major General, after which he retired from active duty.
General Baldwin belonged to numerous fraternal, military and social organizations which included the following:
- Siloam Lodge, No. 35, A. F. & A. M., at Constantine, Michigan (1863)
- Veteran Companion, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Colorado Commandery (1892)
- Order of Indian Wars, National Commandery at Washington, D. C. (1897)
- Honorary member of the Denver Club (1903)
- Commercial Club of Albuquerque, New Mexico (1903)
- Yavapai Club of Prescott, Arizona, (1903)
- Veteran Companion of the Military Order of Foreign Wars, Colorado Commandery (1903)
- Honorary member of General Henry W. Lawton Camp No. 1, United Spanish War Veterans (1905)
- Army & Navy Club of Washington, D. C. (1913)
- National Geographic Society at Washington, D. C. (1916)
His wife, Alice Blackwood Baldwin, honored the general's war contributions by compiling and editing the memoirs of her late husband in 1929. Along with General Baldwin, three other two time Medal of Honor recipients are interred in Arlington National Cemetery (Navy Lieutenant Commander John C. McCloy, Marine Major Louis Cukela, and Marine Corporal John Henry Pruitt).
Baldwin holds the distinction for being the first recipient of the Medal of Honor in different conflicts, first for actions in the Civil War on July 12, 1864 and the second for the Indian Wars, on November 8, 1874.
First Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Captain, Company D, 19th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: At Peachtree Creek, Georgia, July 12, 1864. Citation: "Led his company in a countercharge at Peach Tree Creek, Ga., 12 July 1864, under a galling fire ahead of his own men, and singly entered the enemy's line, capturing and bringing back 2 commissioned officers, fully armed, besides a guidon of a Georgia regiment." Date of issue: December 3, 1891.
Second Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At McClellan's Creek, Texas, November 8, 1874. Citation: "Rescued, with 2 companies, 2 white girls by a voluntary attack upon Indians whose superior numbers and strong position would have warranted delay for reinforcements, but which delay would have permitted the Indians to escape and kill their captives." Date of issue: December 3, 1891.
Veteran's Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Hillsdale County, Michigan Veteran's Hall of Fame in 2004 for his distinguished service in the American Civil War. Hall of Fame inductee 016, Civil War inductee 004.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Frank D. Baldwin.|
- "homeofheroes.com: Baldwin, Frank D.". Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "Arlington National Cemetery: Frank Dwight Baldwin". Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "Frank Baldwin". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved December 19, 2007.
- Biography from Denver County Archives