Frank L. Houx

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Frank L. Houx
Frank Lee Houx.jpg
10th Governor of Wyoming
In office
February 26, 1917 – January 6, 1919
Preceded byJohn B. Kendrick
Succeeded byRobert D. Carey
5th Secretary of State of Wyoming
In office
January 2, 1911 – January 6, 1919
GovernorJoseph M. Carey
John B. Kendrick
Himself
Preceded byWilliam Schnitger
Succeeded byWilliam E. Chaplin
Personal details
Born
Frank Lee Houx

(1854-12-12)December 12, 1854
Lexington, Missouri, U.S.
DiedApril 3, 1941(1941-04-03) (aged 86)
Cody, Wyoming, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Augusta Camp
Ida Mason Christy
Children7
MotherFrances Pearl Price
FatherGeorge Washington Houx
RelativesSterling Price
EducationShaw's Business College

Frank Lee Houx (December 12, 1854 – April 3, 1941) was an American politician from the Democratic Party who served as the 10th Governor of Wyoming from 1917-1919 and the 5th Secretary of State of Wyoming from 1911-1919.

Life[edit]

Frank Lee Houx was born near Lexington, Missouri to George Washington Houx, who later served in the Confederate States Army under Sterling Price, and Frances Pearl Price on December 12, 1854, although he has conflicting dates of birth that go up to 1860. He grew up on his family's ranch and in 1875 he married Augusta Camp whom he later had three children with. On April 10, 1898 Augusta died and Houx remarried in 1899 to Ida Mason Christy whom he had four children with.

He took up the study of law, reading in the office of John S. Blackwell, of Lexington, Missouri. Houx did not complete his course, however, turning his attention to commercial interests. He graduated from Shaw's Business College in Kansas City, Missouri in 1884. The next year, he moved to Montana and went into the cattle business. In 1895, he took up residence in Cody, Wyoming, where he went into politics.

Politics[edit]

He became involved with William F. Cody and helped in the creation of Cody, Wyoming. In 1901 he ran for mayor of Cody following its incorporation in its first mayoral election and defeated George T. Beck.[1] During his first term as Mayor, he also served as police judge from 1902 to 1903. He was re-elected to a second mayoral term in 1905. During the next four years, the town built a residence for him and it now serves as a bed and breakfast known as the "Mayor's Inn." From 1902 to 1903 he served as Cody's police judge and returned to the mayoralty from 1905 to 1909.[2]

During the 1910 elections Houx was nominated by the Democratic Party for Secretary of State and won in the general election becoming the first Democrat to hold the office in Wyoming's history and was reelected in 1914 with both of his victories being extremely narrow.[3] When Governor John B. Kendrick resigned his office on February 26, 1917 after being elected to the United States Senate, Houx became Acting Governor, and he served until the expiration of Kendrick's term, leaving office on January 6, 1919. He sought election as governor in his own right in 1918, but was defeated by Republican candidate Robert D. Carey.

During his service as governor during World War I, Houx mobilized the National Guard of Wyoming for federal service, appointed the Wyoming Council for National Defense, and nominated persons to administer the Selective Service draft. He supported alcoholic prohibition and during the process of ratification for the 18th Amendment he wrote to thirty seven governors asking for them to support the amendment and received support from sixteen of them.[4] On January 19, 1918 his son, Christy Houx, was found dead after multiple draggings of Lindenmeier Lake after his iceboat had capsized on January 16.[5]

Later life[edit]

Houx then went into the oil refining business in Texas. In 1931 he became involved in gold mining and established offices in Denver, Colorado to promote gold mining development in San Juan county.[6] He returned to Cody in 1935 and in 1938 suffered a fall that caused him to break a hip, but later recovered.[7][8] On April 3, 1941 he died at the Irma Hotel after suffering from an illness for two years at the age of 86 and was interred in Cody Cemetery. The autobiography he wrote in 1939 was published in serial form by the Cody Enterprise newspaper in the months following his death.

Electoral history[edit]

Frank L. Houx electoral history
1910 Wyoming Secretary of State election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Frank L. Houx 17,513 47.71%
Republican William R. Schnitger (incumbent) 17,476 47.61%
Socialist Lyman Payne 1,718 4.68%
Total votes '36,707' '100.00%'
1914 Wyoming Secretary of State election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Frank L. Houx (incumbent) 19,304 47.04% -0.67%
Republican Birney H. Sage 19,184 46.75% -0.86%
Socialist William Hill 1,813 4.42% -0.26%
Progressive E. C. Raymond 734 1.79% +1.79%
Total votes '41,035' '100.00%'
1918 Wyoming Gubernatorial Democratic primary
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Frank L. Houx (incumbent) 4,393 56.91%
Democratic William B. Ross 3,326 43.09%
Total votes '7,719' '100.00%'
1918 Wyoming Gubernatorial election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Robert D. Carey 23,825 56.11% +11.91%
Democratic Frank L. Houx (incumbent) 18,640 43.90% -7.71%
Total votes '42,465' '100.00%'

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cody Wyoming election". Red Lodge Picket. November 1, 1901. p. 5. Archived from the original on January 10, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ "Frank L. Houx, Former Acting Governor of Wyoming, Is Dead". Casper Star-Tribune. April 3, 1941. p. 1. Archived from the original on January 18, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  3. ^ Erwin, Marie (January 1, 1974). "Wyoming Blue Book-Volume Two" (PDF). Wyoming State Archives and Historial Department. p. 574 – via Wyoming Archives.
  4. ^ "Governors Of 16 States In Favor Of 'Dry'". Casper Star-Tribune. February 8, 1918. p. 5. Archived from the original on January 18, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  5. ^ "Body Of Houx Is Recovered This Morning". Casper Star-Tribune. January 19, 1918. p. 1. Archived from the original on January 18, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ "Former Governor of Wyoming Promotes Gold Development". Casper Star-Tribune. March 15, 1931. p. 15. Archived from the original on January 18, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  7. ^ "Former Governor Suffers Injuries". Casper Star-Tribune. August 10, 1938. p. 1. Archived from the original on January 18, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  8. ^ "Former Governor's Condition Improves". Casper Star-Tribune. October 23, 1938. p. 2. Archived from the original on January 18, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
John B. Kendrick
Democratic nominee for Governor of Wyoming
1918
Succeeded by
William B. Ross
Political offices
Preceded by
William Schnitger
Secretary of State of Wyoming
1911-1919
Succeeded by
William E. Chaplin
Preceded by
John B. Kendrick
Governor of Wyoming
February 26, 1917 – January 6, 1919
Succeeded by
Robert D. Carey