Franklin Avenue–Fulton Street (New York City Subway)

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Franklin Avenue–Fulton Street
"C" train Franklin Avenue Shuttle
New York City Subway rapid transit station complex
Fulton Franklin subway entrance jeh.JPG
Entrance on south side of Fulton Street
Station statistics
Address Franklin Avenue & Fulton Street
Brooklyn, NY 11216
Borough Brooklyn
Locale Bedford-Stuyvesant
Coordinates 40°40′52″N 73°57′21″W / 40.681126°N 73.955712°W / 40.681126; -73.955712Coordinates: 40°40′52″N 73°57′21″W / 40.681126°N 73.955712°W / 40.681126; -73.955712
Division B (BMT/IND)
Line BMT Franklin Avenue Line
IND Fulton Street Line
Services       A late nights (late nights)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      S all times (all times)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: B25, B48, B49
Levels 2
Other information
Opened October 18, 1999; 17 years ago (1999-10-18)[1]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2015) 2,137,752 (station complex)[3]Increase 0.6%
Rank 232 out of 422

Franklin Avenue–Fulton Street is a station complex shared by the BMT Franklin Avenue Line and the IND Fulton Street Line of the New York City Subway, located at Franklin Avenue and Fulton Street in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. It is served by the:

Station layout[edit]

2F Side platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound Franklin Avenue Shuttle toward Prospect Park (Park Place)
(Demolished: Dean Street)
1F Crossover to northbound Fulton St. platform
G Street Level Exit/Entrance
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator at SW corner of Franklin Avenue and Fulton Street)
B Northbound platform Fare control
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local "C" train toward 168th Street ("A" train toward 207th Street late nights) (Clinton–Washington Avenues)
Northbound express "A" train does not stop here
Southbound express "A" train does not stop here →
Southbound local "C" train toward Euclid Avenue ("A" train toward Far Rockaway late nights) (Nostrand Avenue)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound platform Fare control

BMT Franklin Avenue Line platform[edit]

Franklin Avenue
Franklin Avenue Shuttle
New York City Subway rapid transit station
NYCS R68 Franklin Shuttle.jpg
Two-car train of R68s terminating at Franklin Avenue
Station statistics
Division B (BMT)
Line BMT Franklin Avenue Line
Services       S all times (all times)
Structure Elevated
Platforms 1 side platform
Tracks 1
Other information
Opened August 15, 1896; 120 years ago (1896-08-15)[4][5]
Rebuilt 1924; 93 years ago (1924) (Dual Contracts)
October 18, 1999; 17 years ago (1999-10-18) (shuttle refurbishment)
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Former/other names Franklin Avenue–Fulton Street
Station succession
Next north (Terminal): S all times
Next south Park Place: S all times
Dean Street (demolished): no regular service


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north none: S all times
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south Park Place: S all times
Track layout
Bidirectional track
to Park Pl

Franklin Avenue on the BMT Franklin Avenue Line (also known as Franklin Avenue–Fulton Street) has one track and one side platform. It is the northern terminal of the Franklin Avenue Shuttle.

History[edit]

This elevated station opened on August 15, 1896 to connect with the adjacent Franklin Avenue station of the Fulton Street Elevated. It was a replacement for the August 18, 1878-built Bedford Terminal station originally built by the Brooklyn, Flatbush and Coney Island Railway.[6] It was a two-track through station with side platforms and the point where steam railroad trains from the Fulton Street Line turned onto the BMT Brighton Line to access Brighton Beach. The station also had a connection with the Franklin Avenue Line streetcars.[6]

In 1920, the track connection to the Fulton Street Line was severed as Brighton Line trains to Downtown Brooklyn and Manhattan were rerouted via a new tunnel under Flatbush Avenue. In 1924, the station was rebuilt as a single-track station. The former westbound (now northbound) track was decked over with a wood platform to accommodate crowds transferring between the Fulton Street and Franklin Avenue Lines. The station platforms were also extended south to accommodate longer trains. Originally accommodated for five elevated BU cars for a length of ~250 ft (~76 m), they were now able to hold six subway-type AB Standard cars for a length of ~402 feet (~123 m).

The next stop to the east was Nostrand Avenue for Fulton Street trains and Dean Street for Brighton Line trains. The next stop to the west was Grand Avenue. When the BMT system was taken over by the City of New York on June 1, 1940, the Fulton Street Elevated Line was closed and later demolished while paper transfers were issued at Franklin Avenue for passengers to access the new IND Fulton Street Line subway.

In 1985, the station had only 210 paying daily riders on a typical weekday in 1985 not counting farebeaters, making it one of the least used stations in the system.[7]

Rehabilitation[edit]

Platform awaiting shuttle train

This station was completely rebuilt between 1998 and 1999[6][8] as a single-track station with a single platform on the west side of the track.[9] The new platform is only 180 feet (55 metres) long and can accommodate a train of two 75 ft (23 m)-long cars, or three 60 ft (18 m)-long cars. The track ends at a bumper block at the north end of the platform.[9]

The 1999 artwork here is called Life and Continued Growth by Eric Pryor. It consists of stained glass panels on the top of the entranceway to the shuttle platform.

Exit[edit]

At the north end of the platform is the station's main station house, a three-story building on the southwest corner of Fulton Street and Franklin Avenue that connects to both platforms of Franklin Avenue on the IND Fulton Street Line.[10] One up-only escalator and one long staircase go down to the fare control area at ground level, where one staircase goes down to the southbound IND platform and one turnstile bank provides access to/from the station. A set of doors then lead out to the streets after the token booth.[11]

The shuttle platform has another short staircase that goes down to a glass-enclosed bridge above Fulton Street. On the other end is an elevator and one staircase going down to the northbound IND platform. A second elevator from the shuttle platform goes down to the overpass, main fare control area, and the southbound IND platform. these two elevators make the entire station complex ADA-accessible.[11]

IND Fulton Street Line platforms[edit]

Franklin Avenue
"C" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Franklin ind wb plat jeh.JPG
Platform trim line and name tablets
Station statistics
Division B (IND)
Line IND Fulton Street Line
Services       A late nights (late nights)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened April 9, 1936; 81 years ago (1936-04-09)[12]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Station succession
Next north Clinton–Washington Avenues: A late nights C all except late nights
Next south Nostrand Avenue: A late nights C all except late nights


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north Jay Street–MetroTech: A late nights C all except late nights
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south Utica Avenue: A late nights C all except late nights
Track layout
to Clinton–Washington
to Nostrand Av

Franklin Avenue is an underground local station on the IND Fulton Street Line. Opened on April 9, 1936,[12] it has four tracks and two side platforms. The two center express tracks are used by the A train during daytime hours.[9]

Both platforms have a lime green trim line on a dark green border with small "FRANKLIN" signs below them in white lettering on a black border. The name tablets read "FRANKLIN AVE." in white sans serif font on dark green background and lime green border. Directional signs are underneath them and there is evidence of a former fare control area on the west (railroad north) end of the station, which went to Classon Avenue.[13] These exits were closed in the 1980s.[13]

Prior to introduction of the MetroCard, the Euclid Avenue-bound platform had a same-level fare control and a paper bus-style transfer was handed out at either IND fare control areas (the only place in the subway where this was still being done) for access to the shuttle station only. After the MetroCard was introduced, a paper MetroCard transfer was issued from a machine that resembled a bus farebox. These transfers were good for twenty minutes and were discontinued after construction of the in-system transfer.

Exits[edit]

Fare control areas are at the extreme east (railroad south) end of the platforms. On the Manhattan-bound side, there is an unstaffed turnstile bank and one staircase going up to the northeast corner of Franklin Avenue and Fulton Street. Inside fare control, one staircase and one elevator go up to the overpass above Fulton Street that connects to the shuttle platform. On the Euclid Avenue-bound platform, a staircase goes up to the main station house, where a connection to the Franklin Avenue Shuttle is available.[10] An elevator from the platform goes up to the shuttle platform with intermediate stops at the main station house and overpass.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas J. Lueck, New York Times, Subway Shuttle Gets $74 Million Makeover, October 18, 1999, page B3
  2. ^ a b c "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  4. ^ "New Route to Coney Island". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. August 14, 1896. p. 12. 
  5. ^ "First Trains to Brighton". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. August 14, 1896. p. 7. 
  6. ^ a b c "The lore of the FRANKLIN AVENUE SHUTTLE - Forgotten New York". forgotten-ny.com. Retrieved 2016-07-21. 
  7. ^ Levine, Richard (1986-11-05). "COLUMN ONE: TRANSPORT". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-10-02. 
  8. ^ Blair, Jayson (1998-07-25). "18-Month Renovation for Brooklyn Shuttle". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-07-21. 
  9. ^ a b c Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books. 
  10. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Bedford-Stuyvesant" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2016. 
  11. ^ a b c "Accessible Stations in the MTA Network". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved November 29, 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "NEW SUBWAY LINK OPENED BY MAYOR; He Tells 15,000 in Brooklyn It Will Be Extended to Queens When Red Tape Is Cut.". The New York Times. 1936-04-09. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-08-15. 
  13. ^ a b "Review of the A and C Lines" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 11, 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2016. 

External links[edit]