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Franz Pfemfert (20 November 1879, Lötzen, East Prussia (now Giżycko, Poland) – 26 May 1954, Mexico City) was a German journalist, editor of Die Aktion, literary critic, politician and portrait photographer. Pfemfert occasionally wrote under the pseudonym U. Gaday (derived from Russian "ugadaj", dt: "guess").
Pfemfert was involved in founding the Antinationalen Sozialisten-Partei (Antinational Socialist Party), originally a clandestine organisation founded in 1915. Die Aktion became its official organ following the German Revolution in November 1918.
Alongside publishing Die Aktion Pfemfert published a variety of authors:
- Taylor, Seth (1990). Left-Wing Nietzscheans: The Politics of German Expressionism 1910-1920. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. p. 220.
- Pervulescu, Constantin (2006). After the Revolution: The Individualist Anarchist Journal "Der Einzige" and the Making of the Radical Left in the Early Post-World War I Germany. Ann Arbor: Proquest. p. 28.
- Bois, Marcel. "Twentieth Century Communism – Issue 10 A Transnational Friendship in the Age of Extremes: Leon Trotsky and the Pfemferts" (PDF). lwbooks. Lawrence and Wishart. Retrieved 11 January 2017.