Frederick William Holmes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the British tug of war Olympic medalist of the same name, see Frederick Holmes.
Frederick William Holmes
Lance Corporal Frederick William Holmes.jpg
Born 15 September 1889
Bermondsey, London
Died 22 October 1969 (aged 80)
Port Augusta, Australia
Buried at

Stirling North Garden Cemetery, Section 2, Row E, Grave 6, Port Augusta, South Australia.

[1]
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1907 - 1921
Rank Captain
Unit The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Victoria Cross
Médaille militaire

Captain Frederick William Holmes VC (15 September 1889 – 22 October 1969) also known as F. W. Holmes was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Biography[edit]

Holmes was 24 years old, and a Lance Corporal in the 2nd Battalion, The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, British Army during the First World War when the following deed took place at the battle of Le Cateau for which he was awarded the VC.

On 26 August 1914 at Le Cateau, France, Lance-Corporal Holmes carried a wounded man out of the trenches under heavy fire and later helped to drive a gun out of action by taking the place of a driver who was wounded.[2] He later achieved the rank of Captain.

Indian rope trick[edit]

In 1917, Holmes who was a Lieutenant at the time, stated that whilst on his veranda with a group of officers in Kirkee, he had observed the Indian rope trick being performed by an old man and young boy. The boy climbed the rope, balanced himself and then descended. The old man tapped the rope and it collapsed.[3][4] This demonstration did not include the disappearance of the boy. In February 1919, Holmes presented a photograph he had taken of the trick at a meeting with members of The Magic Circle. It was examined by Robert Elliot who stated it was not a demonstration of the Indian rope trick but an example of a balancing trick on a bamboo pole. Elliot noted that "the tapering of the pole is an absolutely clear feature and definitely shows that it was not a rope."[5] Holmes later admitted this, however, the photograph was reproduced by the press in several magazines and newspapers as proof the trick had been successfully demonstrated. Although discredited, the photograph is considered to be the first ever taken of the trick.[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Port Augusta City Council Burial Register, visiting the grave site and photographing the plaque
  2. ^ "(Supplement) no. 28985". The London Gazette. 24 November 1914. p. 9958. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  3. ^ The Great Indian Rope-Trick. Photographed for the first time by Lieut. F.W. Holmes, V.C., M.M. (April, 1919). The Strand Magazine 57: 310-311.
  4. ^ V.C. Who ‘Snapped’ Indian Rope Trick. (May, 1934). Daily Express. p. 7
  5. ^ a b Elliot, Robert Henry. (1934). The Myth of the Mystical East. Wm. Blackwood & Sons. pp. 95-96
  6. ^ Lamont, Peter; Wiseman, Richard. (2001). The Rise and Fall of the Indian Rope Trick. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research 65: 175-193.

External links[edit]