Free Ilocos

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Free Ilocos
British Protectorate
Capital Villa Fernandina
Languages Ilocano, Spanish
Political structure British Protectorate
 •  1761–1763 Diego Silang
 •  Established December 14, 1762
 •  Disestablished May 28, 1763
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Spanish Philippines
Spanish Philippines
Today part of  Philippines

Free Ilocos was a state in Northern Luzon which was declared independent by revolutionary Diego Silang in December 14, 1762. Villa Fernandina, or modern day Vigan was designated as the capital of the independent state.[1][2][3] Diego Silang led a revolt to liberate Ilocos from Spanish colonial rule taking advantage of the Spanish colonial government's momentary loss due to the British occupation of Manila. Diego Silang accepted an offer of protection and friendship sent by the British Governor of Manila, Dawsonne Drake, on September 24, 1762.[4] Free Ilocos was effectively disestablished upon Diego Silang's assassination in 1763.


  1. ^ Zaragoza, Ramón Ma. "History of Villa Fernandina II". Budhi: A Journal of Ideas and Culture. 2004. 8 (3). Retrieved March 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ Bloom, et al. ], Greg (2009). Philippines (10th ed.). Footscray, Vic.: Lonely Planet. p. 145. ISBN 1742203701. 
  3. ^ Woods, Damon L. (2006). The Philippines : a global studies handbook. Santa Barbara, Calif. [u.a.]: ABC-Clio. p. 192. ISBN 1851096752. Diego Silang a Ilocano from Pangasinan along leaders from the Ilocos region, Abra and Cagayan led a revolt in Northern Luzon. He proclaimed Vigan the capital of Free Ilocos and was recognized by the British 
  4. ^ "Ilocano Cultural Orientation". Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center. July 2006. p. 6.