Freies Volk

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Freies Volk
Type Daily
Founded January 3, 1949 (1949-01-03)
Political alignment Communist Party of Germany
Language German language
Headquarters Düsseldorf
OCLC number 311111248

Freies Volk ('Free People') was a newspaper published daily from Düsseldorf, West Germany 1949-1956.[1][2][3] Freies Volk was printed at Freier Verlag GmbH, Ackerstrasse 114.[4][5]

The first issue of Freies Volk was published on January 3, 1949.[3] Freies Volk replaced Die Freiheit, an organ of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) in Düsseldorf that had been banned in October 1948, following sharp criticisms against the Allied occupation powers.[5][6] Freies Volk carried the by-line 'People's Newspaper for the Rhine-Westphalian Industrial Region'.[3] On September 1, 1949 Freies Volk became the central organ of the Communist Party.[5][7] At the time it had a circulation of 80,000.[7] Hugo Erlich was named as the editor in chief of Freies Volk.[4]

Publication of Freies Volk was suspended by the Allied occupation authorities in August 1950, following the article "Now It's Tanks and Poison Gas instead of Cigarettes | Bonn as Go-Between in US Arms Trade".[8] Publication of the newspaper was resumed in November 1950.[8] In 1951 Franz Ahrens became the editor in chief of Freies Volk.[4]

In mid-1954 Fritz Bäsel was appointed editor in chief of the newspaper.[4] Soon thereafter he was replaced by Max Schäfer, a key ideologue of the party. Schäfer remained in that post until the party was banned.[4][9] By 1955 the daily circulation had decreased to 48,000.[7] After the ban of the Communist Party on August 17, 1956, Freies Volk continued publication as an illegal weekly organ of the now underground party.[3][10] As of 1970 Freies Volk was still being published, albeit irregularly and being edited and printed outside of West Germany.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guide to Microforms in Print, Subject. Volume 1. Berlin: De Gruyter Saur, 1999. p. 174
  2. ^ Paul, Hans-Holger, and Karl Kollmann. Inventar zu den Nachlässen der deutschen Arbeiterbewegung für die zehn westdeutschen Länder und West-Berlin. München: K.G. Saur, 1993. p. 569
  3. ^ a b c d Eberlein, Alfred, Joachim Böhm, and Leo Stern. Die Presse der Arbeiterklasse und der sozialen Bewegungen: von den dreißiger Jahren des 19. Jahrhunderts bis zum Jahre 1967 : Bibliographie und Standortverzeichnis der Presse der deutschen, der österreichischen und der schweizerischen Arbeiter-, Gewerkschafts- und Berufsorganisationen (einschließlich der Protokolle und Tätigkeitsberichte) ; mit einem Anhang: Die deutschsprachige Presse der Arbeiter-, Gewerkschafts- und Berufsorganisationen anderer Länder. 4. Frankfurt/Main: Sauer & Auvermann, 1969. p. 1750
  4. ^ a b c d e Kluth, Hans. Die KPD in der Bundesrepublik; ihre politische Tätigkeit und Organisation 1945-1956. Köln: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1959. p. 100
  5. ^ a b c Schmollinger, Horst W., and Richard Stöss. Die Parteien und die Presse der Parteien und Gewerkschaften in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, 1945-1974: Materialien z. Parteien- u. Gewerkschaftsforschung. München: Verlag Dokumentation, 1975. p. 169, 372
  6. ^ Koszyk, Kurt. Pressepolitik für Deutsche. Berlin: Colloquium Verlag, 1986. p. 197
  7. ^ a b c Major, Patrick. The Death of the KPD: Communism and Anti-Communism in West Germany, 1945-1956. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997. p. 218
  8. ^ a b Major, Patrick. The Death of the KPD: Communism and Anti-Communism in West Germany, 1945-1956. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997. p. 254
  9. ^ Fricke, Karl Wilhelm, and Ilko-Sascha Kowalczuk. Der Wahrheit verpflichtet: Texte aus fünf Jahrzehnten zur Geschichte der DDR. Berlin: Links, 2000. p. 602
  10. ^ Sworakowski, Witold S. World Communism; a Handbook, 1918-1965. Stanford, Calif: Hoover Institution Press, 1973. p. 162
  11. ^ Staar, Richard Felix, Milorad M. Drachkovitch, and Lewis H. Gann. Yearbook on International Communist Affairs. Stanford, Calif: Hoover Institution Press, 1971. p. 175

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