French legislative election, 1893

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French legislative election, 1893
French Third Republic
← 1889 20 August and 3 September 1893 1898 →

All 581 seats to the Chamber of Deputies
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Jean Casimir-Perier.jpg Clemenceau (Pirou).jpg Baudry d'Asson, Léon de.jpg
Leader Jean Casimir-Perier Georges Clemenceau Léon de Baudry d'Asson
Party Moderate Radical Ralliement
Leader's seat Aube Paris Vendée
Seats won 317 138 93
Seat change Decrease 37 Increase 38 Decrease 117
Popular vote 3,187,670 1,615,725 1,458,797
Percentage 45.30% 22.90% 20.70%
Swing Increase 7.07% Decrease 15.84%

France Chambre des deputes 1893.png
Composition of the Chamber of Deputies

Prime Minister before election

Charles Dupuy
Union of the Lefts

Elected Prime Minister

Jean Casimir-Perier
Union of the Lefts

The 1893 general election was held on 20 August and 3 September 1893.

The Republicans were victorious and gained an increased majority, and President Sadi Carnot invited Jean Casimir-Perier to form a government. However, there was increasing tension between the Radicals and the Moderates in the ruling coalition, which had manifested itself in the passage of a protectionist tariff law with right-wing support in January 1892.

After the election, following the bombing of the Chamber of Deputies by the anarchist Auguste Vaillant on 9 December 1893, Casimir-Perier rushed through the lois scélérates with the support of the Right.

Casimir-Perier was elected to the presidency on 24 June 1894, following the assassination of President Carnot by the Italian anarchist Sante Geronimo Caserio. In January 1895, however, he resigned, and was replaced by Félix Faure, again with the support of the Right.

Casimir-Perier's government was followed by a series of moderate governments with right-wing support under Charles Dupuy, Alexandre Ribot and Jules Méline - with the short-lived exception of the government of Radical Léon Bourgeois (November 1895-April 1896).[1]


Parliamentary Groups[edit]

Affiliation Party Seats
  Socialists 33
  Radical-Socialist Party 16
  Independent Radicals 122
  Moderate Republicans 317
  Monarchists 58
  Ralliés 35
Total 581


  1. ^ Gildea, R., Children of the Revolution, London, 2008, p. 270-272