Friedland, Lower Saxony

Coordinates: 51°25′18″N 09°54′52″E / 51.42167°N 9.91444°E / 51.42167; 9.91444
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Friedland railway station in May 2007
Friedland railway station in May 2007
Coat of arms of Friedland
Location of Friedland within Göttingen district
StaufenbergHann. MündenBilshausenSchedenBührenNiemetalJühndeDransfeldAdelebsenFriedlandRosdorfGöttingenBovendenGleichenLandolfshausenSeulingenWaakeSeeburgEbergötzenDuderstadtObernfeldRollshausenRüdershausenRhumspringeWollershausenGieboldehausenWollbrandshausenBodenseeKrebeckWalkenriedBad SachsaBad LauterbergHerzberg am HarzHerzberg am HarzHerzberg am HarzHattorf am HarzHattorf am HarzWulften am HarzElbingerodeHörden am HarzOsterode am HarzBad GrundHarz (Landkreis Göttingen)Harz (Landkreis Göttingen)Harz (Landkreis Göttingen)Goslar (district)Northeim (district)Northeim (district)HesseThuringiaSaxony-Anhalt
Friedland is located in Germany
Friedland is located in Lower Saxony
Coordinates: 51°25′18″N 09°54′52″E / 51.42167°N 9.91444°E / 51.42167; 9.91444
StateLower Saxony
Subdivisions14 districts
 • Mayor (2021–26) Andreas Friedrichs[1] (SPD)
 • Total75.68 km2 (29.22 sq mi)
181 m (594 ft)
 • Total14,050
 • Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes05504
Vehicle registrationGÖ, DUD, HMÜ, OHA

Friedland is a municipality in the district of Göttingen, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated on the river Leine, approx. 13 km south of Göttingen. Its seat is in the village of Groß Schneen, one of fourteen communities in the municipality. The others are Friedland proper, Ballenhausen, Deiderode, Elkershausen, Klein Schneen, Lichtenhagen, Ludolfshausen, Mollenfelde, Niedergandern, Niedernjesa, Reckershausen, Reiffenhausen and Stockhausen.

Friedland Refugee Camp[edit]

Part of Friedland Refugee Camp in February 1958

In September 1945, the Control Commission for Germany - British Element (CCG/BE) built a camp in Friedland, near the American (Hesse) and Soviet occupation (Thuringia) zones. The camp was designed as the first way station for refugees, evacuees, and returning soldiers. Starting in 1947, the camp was administered by the federal state of Lower Saxony. During the period of mass expulsions from 1944 to 1945, the camp offered services to large waves of refugees. Thereafter, it functioned primarily as a way station for German (or ethnic German) emigrants from Eastern bloc countries, especially from Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union. Between 1950 and 1987, approximately 1.4 million people of German extraction came to the Federal Republic from the East; more than 60% of these emigrants came from Poland.[3] Today Friedland is an initial reception center for asylum seekers and refugees from all over the world.[4]

Church in Lichtenhagen


Media related to Friedland (Niedersachsen) at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Lager Friedland at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ "Direktwahlen in Niedersachsen vom 12. September 2021" (PDF). Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen. 13 October 2021.
  2. ^ "LSN-Online Regionaldatenbank, Tabelle A100001G: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen.
  3. ^ The Friedland Refugee Camp Source: GHDI - German History in Documents and Images
  4. ^ Documentary Transit Camp Friedland, Deutsche Welle