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Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia

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Frederick III
Friedrich III of Thuringia, painting from Albrechtsburg in Meißen.
Margrave of Meissen
Successor Friedrich der Streitbare, Wilhelm der Reiche & Georg
Landgrave of Thuringia
PredecessorFrederick I
Born14 December 1332
Dresden, Margravate of Meissen, Holy Roman Empire
Died21 May 1381(1381-05-21) (aged 48)
Altenburg, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire
SpouseCatherine of Henneberg
Frederick I, Elector of Saxony
Wilhelm II, Margrave of Meissen
Frederick the Strict
HouseHouse of Wettin
FatherFrederick II, Margrave of Meissen
MotherMathilde of Bavaria

Frederick III, the Strict (Friedrich III. der Strenge; 14 December 1332, in Dresden – 21 May 1381, in Altenburg), Landgrave of Thuringia and Margrave of Meissen, was the son of Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen and Mathilde of Bavaria.[1]

He took over the government for his brothers William, Balthasar and Ludwig (Bishop of Bamberg) after the death of their father in 1349. One year later the Emperor gave the Margraviate of Meissen to the four brothers jointly. In 1368 common government began, afterwards the brothers changed rulership every two years. In 1379 they divided their possessions. After Frederick III's death, Meissen was divided between his three sons and Thuringia was inherited by his brothers; it later passed to his nephew Frederick IV, Landgrave of Thuringia, son of his brother Balthasar, and was ultimately inherited by Frederick the Strict's grandson, Frederick II, Elector of Saxony.


Frederick was married to Catherine of Henneberg, heiress of Coburg, Neustadt, Sonneberg, Neuhaus, Rodach, etc. (died Coburg 15 July 1397), daughter of Count Heinrich IV of Henneberg. They had four sons:

  1. Frederick (d. young 1350)
  2. Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (11 April 1370 – 4 January 1428)
  3. Wilhelm II, Margrave of Meissen (23 April 1371 – 30 March 1425)
  4. Georg (1380 – 9 December 1401)


  1. ^ Harald Schieckel: Friedrich III. der Strenge. In: Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB). Band 5, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1961, ISBN 3-428-00186-9


See also[edit]

Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia
Born: 14 December 1332 Died: 21 May 1381
Regnal titles
Preceded by Landgrave of Thuringia
with Wilhelm I & Balthasar

Succeeded by
Preceded by Markgraf of Meissen
with Wilhelm I & Balthasar

Succeeded by