Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
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- Not to be confused with Duke Otto II 1061-1070, Duke of Bavaria (as Otto II).
|Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria|
Portrait from Die Chronik Bayerns
|Spouse(s)||Agnes of the Palatinate|
|Noble family||House of Wittelsbach|
|Father||Louis I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria|
|Mother||Ludmilla of Bohemia|
7 April 1206|
|Died||29 November 1253
|Buried||crypt of Scheyern Abbey|
Otto II of Bavaria (German: Otto II der Erlauchte , Herzog von Bayern, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, 7 April 1206 in Kelheim – 29 November 1253) known as Otto the Illustrious was the Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine (see Electorate of the Palatinate). He was a son of Louis I and Ludmilla of Bohemia and a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty.
Otto was born at Kelheim.
At the age of sixteen, he was married to Agnes of the Palatinate, a granddaughter of Duke Henry the Lion and Conrad of Hohenstaufen. With this marriage, the Wittelsbach inherited Palatinate and kept it as a Wittelsbach possession until 1918. Since that time also the lion has become a heraldic symbol in the coat of arms for Bavaria and the Palatinate.
Otto acquired the rich regions of Bogen in 1240, and Andechs and Ortenburg in 1248 as possessions for the Wittelsbach and extended his power base in Bavaria this way. With the county of Bogen the Wittelsbach acquired also the white and blue coloured lozenge flag which since that time has been the flag of Bavaria (and of the Palatinate).
After a dispute with emperor Frederick II was ended, he joined the Hohenstaufen party in 1241. His daughter, Elizabeth, was married to Frederick's son Conrad IV. Because of this, Otto was excommunicated by the pope. He was convinced by Bertold of Regensburg to repent in 1250.
Family and children
- Louis II, Duke of Bavaria (13 April 1229, Heidelberg – 2 February 1294, Heidelberg).
- Henry XIII, Duke of Bavaria (19 November 1235, Landshut – 3 February 1290, Burghausen.
- Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Germany (c. 1227, Landshut – 9 October 1273), married to:
- Sophie (1236, Landshut – 9 August 1289, Castle Hirschberg), married 1258 to Count Gerhard IV of Sulzbach and Hirschberg.
- Agnes (c. 1240–c. 1306).
|Ancestors of Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria|
- Holzfurtner, Ludwig (2005). Die Wittelsbacher: Staat und Dynastie in acht Jahrhunderten (Urban-Taschenbucher). Kohlhammer. ISBN 978-3170181915.
- Hubensteiner, Benno (2013). Bayerische Geschichte. Munich: Rosenheimer Verlagshaus. ISBN 978-3475537561.
- Stevens, John (1706). The History of Bavaria: From the First Ages, to This Present Year.
- Peltzer, Jörg (2013). Die Wittelsbacher und die Kurpfalz im Mittelalter: Eine Erfolgsgeschichte?. Schnell & Steiner. ISBN 978-3795426453.
- Reiss-Engelhorn-Museen, Mannheim (2013). Die Wittelsbacher am Rhein. Die Kurpfalz und Europa: 2 Bände. Schnell & Steiner. ISBN 978-3795426446.
- Schmid, Gregor M. (2014). Die Familie, die Bayern erfand: Das Haus Wittelsbach: Geschichten, Traditionen, Schicksale, Skandale. Munich: Stiebner. ISBN 978-3830710608.
- Vogel, Susanne (2012). Die Wittelsbacher: Herzöge - Kurfürsten - Könige in Bayern von 1180 bis 1918. Biografische Skizzen. Staackmann. ISBN 978-3886752485.
Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of BavariaBorn: 1206 Died: 1253
|Duke of Bavaria
Count Palatine of the Rhine
Louis II and Henry XIII