Fritillaria orientalis

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Fritillaria orientalis
Fritillaria orientalis1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Fritillaria
Species: F. orientalis
Binomial name
Fritillaria orientalis
  • Fritillaria racemosa Ker Gawl 1806, illegitimate homonym not Mill. 1768
  • Fritillaria tenella M.Bieb.

Fritillaria orientalis is a Eurasian species of monocotyledon plant of the lily family.[2] It was described by Johann Friedrich Adam in 1805, based on specimens collected in Ossetia.[3]

Fritillaria orientalis flourishes on grass and brush in limestone valleys. The plant flowers from April until May. The flowers are purple, borne singly, or in twos or threes.[3][4][5]

The species grows in France, Italy, Greece, the Balkans, Austria, Moldova, Ukraine, southern Russia, Turkey, and the Caucasus.[6][7]



  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ a b Johann Friedrich Adams in F. Weber & D.M.H.Mohr. 1805. Beiträge zur Naturkunde 1: 50.
  4. ^ Ker Gawler, John Bellenden. 1806. Botanical Magazine (London) 24: t. 952, as Fritillaria racemosa
  5. ^ Marschall von Bieberstein, Friedrich August. 1808. Flora Taurico-Caucasica exhibens stirpes phaenogamas, in Chersoneso Taurica et regionibus caucasicis sponte crescentes. Charkouiae 1: 269, Fritillaria tenella
  6. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Meleagride minore, Fritillaria orientalis Adam
  7. ^ Malesh Mountain, Fritillaria orientalis photo, description, distribution information; Malesh Mountain is on the border of Bulgaria + Macedonia

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