|• Total||37 km2 (14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||225 m (738 ft)|
|• Density||4.5/km2 (12/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Fterrë (definite Albanian form: Fterra) is a village in the former commune of Lukovë, Vlorë County, southern Albania. At the 2015 local government reform it became part of the municipality Himarë. It is located in a side valley of the Albanian Riviera, within the region of Kurvelesh and 10 km northeast of Borsh. The village is inhabited by Muslim Albanians.
Fterrë is located 200 to 250 m above sea level on the western slope of Mt Lajthi (1418 m). The highest peak of the village's area is that Gjeshnikoshi (1478 m) and the lowest that of Leka (315 m). There are also numerous karst springs and six caves. A road from Borsh to Vlorë passes through the village.
Fterrë was first mentioned in 1431, in the Sûreti defter-i sancak-i Arvanid (defter of the Albanian Sanjak). At that time, it consisted of twelve – affluent – families. In 1583, the Ottoman Defter mentioned the place as Ifteran with 24 extended families and in later years is listed with 45 extended families. During the early Ottoman era it was part of the nahiye of Sopot, while in the 16th century it was incorporated into the kaza of Kurvelesh.
In 1914 the village was destroyed during the advance of army of the Kingdom of Greece. The villagers, who had fled the vicinity of Vlorë, rebuilt the village in 1916 when the Greek army retreated from Albania. In autumn 1916 the village's school was rebuilt and Selim Gjonika became its first teacher. In the Vlora Warin 1920 the band of Fterra took part under the leadership of Xhafer Shehu.
In WWII part of the village was destroyed by Italian artillery fire during the Greco-Italian War. In 1942 the first council of the National Liberation Movement in the village and its volunteer platoon were founded under Hiqmet Çallo. In total during WWII six volunteer soldiers from Fterrë were killed and forty houses damaged and destroyed.
|Year||Number of Families|
- Nafiz Bezhani, jurist, politician and writer.
- Muzafer Korkuti, archaeologist and Vice President of the Academy of Sciences of Albania.
- Jakup Mato, head of Centre of Art Studies of the Academy of Sciences of Albania.
- Law nr. 115/2014
- Kallivretakis, Leonidas (1995). "Η ελληνική κοινότητα της Αλβανίας υπό το πρίσμα της ιστορικής γεωγραφίας και δημογραφίας [The Greek Community of Albania in terms of historical geography and demography." In Nikolakopoulos, Ilias, Kouloubis Theodoros A. & Thanos M. Veremis (eds). Ο Ελληνισμός της Αλβανίας [The Greeks of Albania]. University of Athens. p. 51. " AM Αλβανοί Μουσουλμάνοι”; p.53. “FTERE ΦΤΕΡΑ 378 AM"
- Enciklopedia p.396
- Enciklopedia p.100
- Halil İnalcik: Hicrî 835 tarihli Sûret-i defter-i sancak-i Arvanid. (= Türk Tarih Kurumu yayınlarından. 14,1a). Ankara 1987 (Albania, Sandschak Vlora)
- Karl Kaser, Robert Pichler, und Stephanie Schwandner-Sievers (Hrsg.): Die weite Welt und das Dorf. Albanische Emigration am Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts. In: Zur Kunde Südosteuropas. Albanologische Studien, Band 3. Böhlau Verlag, Wien 2002, ISBN 3-205-99413-2
- Meçaj, Nasip; Çelaj, Xhemil; Toçi, Fatmir (2009). Enciklopedi e Kurveleshit. TOENA. ISBN 99943-1-496-3.
- Fterra në Fotografi – Foto from Fterra
- newspaper „Fterra jonë“
- Literaturdatenbank Fachportal-Pädagogik.de zu Die weite Welt und das Dorf