Fukuoka Subway 1000 series

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Fukuoka Subway 1000 series
Fukuoka city subway type1000 chikuzen-maebaru 1.jpg
A 1000 series train operating on the Chikuhi Line in November 2006
Manufacturer Kinki Sharyo, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation, Hitachi
Constructed 1981–1986
Entered service 26 July 1981
Refurbishment 1997–2004
Number built 108 vehicles (18 trainsets)
Number in service 108 vehicles (18 trainsets)
Formation 6 cars per trainset
Capacity 854
Operator(s) Fukuoka City Transportation Bureau
Line(s) served Hakozaki Line, Kūkō Line
Specifications
Car body construction Steel/stainless steel
Car length 20 m (65 ft 7 in)
Doors 4 pairs per side
Maximum speed 90 km/h (56 mph)
Acceleration 3.3 km/h/s
Deceleration 3.5 km/h/s (4.0 km/h/s for emergency brake)
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC overhead catenary
Braking system(s) Regenerative brake, Brake-by-wire
Safety system(s) ATC, ATO, ATS
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The Fukuoka Subway 1000 series (福岡市交通局1000系?) is an electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by the Fukuoka City Transportation Bureau on the Hakozaki Line and Kūkō Line in Fukuoka, Japan. The trains also inter-run to/from the Chikuhi Line, operated by Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu).[1]

Design[edit]

Because the train line runs near the coast, car bodies were constructed of a stainless steel skin on a conventional steel frame for corrosion resistance. The car bodies are unpainted with blue and white stripes representing the Genkai Sea. Each car is 20 m long with four pairs of doors per side. Early trainsets had opening windows, but these were subsequently replaced with sealed windows. The trains have emergency exit doors at the ends. The doors and window wipers were added after refurbishment.

Formation[edit]

As of 1 April 2014, the fleet consists of 18 six-car sets formed as follows, with four motored ("M") cars and two non-powered driving trailer ("Tc") cars.[2]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 5
Designation Tc M1 M1' M2 M2' Tc'
Numbering 15xx 10xx 11xx 10xx 11xx 15xx

Cars 3 and 5 are each fitted with two cross-arm type pantographs.[2]

Interior[edit]

The longitudinal seats are covered with a red moquette and some parts of the saloons feature woodgrain panelling. In 1982, wheelchair spaces were added to the cars. All trains are air-conditioned.

History[edit]

A 1000 series train in August 1991 before refurbishment

The 1000 series entered service on the Fukuoka City Subway coinciding with its opening on July 26, 1981. In 1982, it received the 22nd Laurel Prize.

Driver-only operation commenced on January 20, 1984 using automatic train control (ATC), and the cabs are equipped with a master controller, brake handle, and automatic train stop (ATS) system for manual operation.[citation needed]

Refurbishment[edit]

Between 1997 and 2004, 15 years after the first trains were built and after the introduction of the 2000 series, the trains underwent refurbishment. After refurbishment, the trains were called 1000N series. Refurbishment included the following major modifications.

  • Variable-frequency drive added
  • Cab end window changed (similar to 2000 series)
  • Large windows changed
  • Rollsign destination indicators replaced with LED indicators
  • Interior veneer panelling and floors changed
  • Electronic displays showing next station, door chimes and wheelchair spaces

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fukuoka Subway 1000 series train details. Retrieved on 31 January 2009. (Japanese)
  2. ^ a b 私鉄車両編成表 2014 [Private Railway Rolling Stock Formations - 2014] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 24 July 2014. p. 175. ISBN 978-4-330-48414-3.