Fukuoka City Subway

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Fukuoka City Subway
(Fukuoka City Transportation Bureau)
Fukuoka City Subway logo
Fukuoka City Subway logo
Native name福岡市地下鉄
Fukuoka-shi Chikatetsu
Fukuoka-shi Kōtsūkyoku
LocaleFukuoka, Japan
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines3
Number of stations36
Began operationOperating company: 1973 (1973)
Subway: July 26, 1981 (1981-07-26)
Operator(s)Fukuoka City Transportation Bureau
System length31.4 km (19.5 mi)
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) (Lines 1-2)
1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) (Line 3)

The Fukuoka City Subway (福岡市地下鉄, Fukuoka-shi Chikatetsu) serves Fukuoka, Japan. It consists of three subway lines, the Kūkō (or Airport Line), the Hakozaki Line and the Nanakuma Line).

The lines are operated by the Fukuoka City Transportation Bureau. Unlike most other public operators in Japan, the company only operates subways without any bus lines.

All stations are equipped with automatic platform gates. All lines are automatically operated by ATO system, although drivers are used as a precaution. The lines introduced Hayakaken, a smart card system from March 2009.[1] This superseded the prepaid magnetic card systems.


Hakata and Nakasu-Kawabata stations are counted twice (as Kūkō-Nanakuma and Kūkō-Hakozaki interchanges, respectively). The total number of individual stations is therefore 36.

Color & Icon Mark Line Name First section
Length Stations Gauge
Orange K Line 1 Kūkō Line 1981 1993 13.1 km (8.1 mi) 13 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Blue H Line 2 Hakozaki Line 1982 1986 4.7 km (2.9 mi) 7
Green N Line 3 Nanakuma Line 2005 2023 13.6 km (8.5 mi) 18 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Total: 31.4 km (19.5 mi) 38

Airport rail link[edit]

Visitors traveling to Fukuoka by Shinkansen (bullet train) disembark at JR Hakata Station. They can then transfer to the Fukuoka City Subway system by changing to Hakata Subway station, located under JR Hakata station.[2] Fukuoka Airport is also linked to the Fukuoka City Subway. Downtown Fukuoka City can be reached in about 10 minutes by subway, making Fukuoka Airport one of the most accessible major-city airports in the world.

Station logos[edit]

Fukuoka City Subway employs unique logos (symbol mark and symbol color) for each station, much like Mexico City Metro. For example, Fukuokakūkō Station (Airport), has a logo symbolizing an airplane.[3] The symbol marks of Kūkō and Hakozaki Line stations were designed by Isao Nisijima [ja],[4] with those of Nanakuma Line stations being designed by his son Masayuki Nisijima, building on his father’s posthumous works.

Rolling stock[edit]

Nanakuma Line 3000 series trainset


Ticket prices for the subway lines are determined by the distance traveled (¥200-340). Tickets for the subway can be purchased at all subway station ticket machines.

Special tickets[edit]

Magnetic cards[edit]

  • One Day Pass (一日乗車券, ichinichi jōsha-ken) (unlimited travel for one day)
    • Kūkō Line, Nanakuma Line, Hakozaki Line
      • ¥640
      • Chikamaru Ticket (ちかまるきっぷ, Chikamaru-kippu), priced at ¥100, is available only to children during school vacation periods. A coupon is attached to the ticket which may be exchanged for a McDonald's hamburger.
  • Two Day Pass (二日乗車券, futsuka jōsha-ken) (unlimited travel for two days, limited to foreign tourists only)
    • Kūkō Line, Nanakuma Line, Hakozaki Line
      • ¥720
  • Commuter Pass (定期券, teiki-ken)
    • Kūkō Line, Nanakuma Line, Hakozaki Line
  • Chika Pass (ちかパス, chika-pasu)
    • Kūkō Line, Nanakuma Line, Hakozaki Line (unlimited travel)
      • 1 Month: ¥12,000
      • 3 Months: ¥34,200
      • 6 Months: ¥64,800

Contactless smart card[edit]

  • Hayakaken (はやかけん, hayaka-ken)
    • Kūkō Line, Nanakuma Line, Hakozaki Line

Hayakaken is a rechargeable contactless smart card for the Fukuoka City Subway. It can also be used as a Commuter Pass (Chika Pass is included) except as a transferable pass for other company's lines. Starting in 2010, it became compatible with Nishi-Nippon Railroad's nimoca, JR Kyushu's SUGOCA and JR East's Suica. As of March 2013, it also became compatible with PASMO, Manaca, PiTaPa, JR West's ICOCA, JR Central's TOICA and JR Hokkaido's Kitaca.

For details, please see Hayakaken.

Fukuoka City Transportation Bureau[edit]

Fukuoka City Transportation Bureau (福岡市交通局, Fukuoka-shi Kōtsūkyoku) is a public organization of transportation in Fukuoka, Japan. The organization operates subways. It was founded in 1973.

Fukuoka City Transportation Bureau headquarters, Chūō-ku, Fukuoka.

Network map[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Japan Subway Systems". JapanVisitor.com. Japan Tourist Info. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
  2. ^ Fukuoka City Guide
  3. ^ "ROUTE MAP". Fukuoka CitySubway. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  4. ^ 福岡市 西島 伊三雄 氏(2004年12月17日選定) (in Japanese). Fukuoka city. Retrieved September 24, 2018.

External links[edit]