Kaykhusraw I

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I Gıyaseddin Keyhüsrev Meret Öwezov Antalya.jpg
Statue of Kaykhusraw I in Antalya, sculpted by Meret Öwezov
Seljuq sultans of Rum
Reign 1192–1196
Predecessor Kilij Arslan II
Successor Suleiman II
Seljuq sultans of Rum
Reign 1205–1211
Predecessor Kilij Arslan III
Successor Kaykaus I
Died 1211
Kuyucak, Aydin Province
Consort daughter of Manuel Maurozomes
Dawlat Raziya Khatun
Full name
Ghīyāth al-Dīn Kaykhusraw bin Qilij Arslān
House House of Seljuq
Father Kilij Arslan II

Kaykhusraw I (Old Anatolian Turkish: كَیخُسرو or Ghiyāth ad-Dīn Kaykhusraw bin Qilij Arslān; Persian: غياث الدين كيخسرو بن قلج ارسلان‎‎), the eleventh and youngest son of Kilij Arslan II, was Seljuk Sultan of Rûm. He succeeded his father in 1192, but had to fight his brothers for control of the Sultanate, losing to his brother Suleiman II in 1196.[1] He ruled it 1192-1196 and 1205-1211.

He married a daughter of Manuel Maurozomes,[2] son of Theodore Maurozomes and of an illegitimate daughter of the Byzantine emperor Manuel I Komnenos. Manuel Maurozomes fought on behalf of Kaykhusraw in 1205 and 1206.

In 1207 he seized Antalya from its Frankish garrison and furnished the Seljuq state with a port on the Mediterranean. During this year, Kaykhusraw founded a mosque in Antalya.[3]

According to Niketas Choniates, he was killed in single combat by Theodore I Laskaris, the emperor of Nicaea, during the Battle of Antioch on the Meander.[4]

His son by Manuel Maurozomes' daughter, Kayqubad I, ruled the Sultanate from 1220 to 1237, and his grandson, Kaykhusraw II, ruled from 1237 to 1246.


  1. ^ A.C.S. Peacock and Sara Nur Yildiz, The Seljuks of Anatolia: Court and Society in the Medieval Middle East, (I.B. Tauris, 2015), 29.
  2. ^ Charles M. Brand, "The Turkish Element in Byzantium, Eleventh-Twelfth Centuries", Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 43 (1989), p. 18.
  3. ^ Notes on Saldjūq Architectural Patronage in Thirteenth Century Anatolia, H. Crane Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 36, No. 1 (1993), 6.
  4. ^ Niketas Choniates, Orationes 172.1-10.


  • Varzos, K. (1984), Ē genealogia tōn Komnēnōn, Thessaloniki , pp. 496–502.
Preceded by
Kilij Arslan II
Sultan of Rûm
Succeeded by
Suleiman II
Preceded by
Kilij Arslan III
Sultan of Rûm
Succeeded by
Kaykaus I