Grigory Neujmin

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Minor planets discovered: 74 [1]
see § List of discovered minor planets

Grigory Nikolayevich Neujmin (Russian: Григорий Николаевич Неуймин; January 3, 1886 [O.S. December 22, 1885]–December 17, 1946) was a Georgian–Russian astronomer, native of Tbilisi in Georgia,[2] and a discoverer of numerous minor planets as well as 6 periodic and a hyperbolic comet at the Pulkovo and Simeiz Observatories during the first half of the 20th century.[3][4]

Discoveries[edit]

The Minor Planet Center credits his discoveries under the name "G. N. Neujmin", and his surname appears this way in the literature. However, the modern English transliteration of his name would be Neuymin.

Neujmin is credited with the discovery of 74 asteroids,[1] and notably 951 Gaspra[5] and 762 Pulcova.

He also discovered and co-discovered 6 Jupiter-family comets, namely 25D/Neujmin, 28P/Neujmin, 42P/Neujmin, 57P/du Toit-Neujmin-Delporte (including fragment A) and 58P/Jackson–Neujmin, as well as C/1914 M1 (Neujmin), a hyperbolic comet.[4]

Awards Honors[edit]

He received the Order of the Red Banner of Labour on 10 June 1945.[citation needed] The lunar crater Neujmin is named in his honour, as is 1129 Neujmina, a main-belt asteroid of the Eos family discovered by Praskovjya Parkhomenko at Simeiz Observatory in 1929.[3][4]

List of discovered minor planets[edit]

748 Simeïsa 14 March 1913 list
751 Faïna 28 April 1913 list
752 Sulamitis 30 April 1913 list
753 Tiflis 30 April 1913 list
762 Pulcova 3 September 1913 list
768 Struveana 4 October 1913 list
769 Tatjana 6 October 1913 list
779 Nina 25 January 1914 list
780 Armenia 25 January 1914 list
781 Kartvelia 25 January 1914 list
787 Moskva 20 April 1914 list
789 Lena 24 June 1914 list
791 Ani 29 June 1914 list
814 Tauris 2 January 1916 list
824 Anastasia 25 March 1916 list
825 Tanina 27 March 1916 list
829 Academia 25 August 1916 list
830 Petropolitana 25 August 1916 list
847 Agnia 2 September 1915 list
848 Inna 5 September 1915 list
877 Walküre 13 September 1915 list
882 Swetlana 15 August 1917 list
916 America 7 August 1915 list
917 Lyka 5 September 1915 list
951 Gaspra 30 July 1916 list
952 Caia 27 October 1916 list
1075 Helina 29 September 1926 list
1099 Figneria 13 September 1928 list
1110 Jaroslawa 10 August 1928 list
1123 Shapleya 21 September 1928 list
1135 Colchis 3 October 1929 list
1137 Raïssa 27 October 1929 list
1140 Crimea 30 December 1929 list
1146 Biarmia 7 May 1929 list
1147 Stavropolis 11 June 1929 list
1158 Luda 31 August 1929 list
1189 Terentia 17 September 1930 list
1190 Pelagia 20 September 1930 list
1202 Marina 13 September 1931 list
1210 Morosovia 6 June 1931 list
1236 Thaïs 6 November 1931 list
1255 Schilowa 8 July 1932 list
1269 Rollandia 20 September 1930 list
1271 Isergina 10 October 1931 list
1277 Dolores 18 April 1933 list
1289 Kutaïssi 19 August 1933 list
1306 Scythia 22 July 1930 list
1307 Cimmeria 17 October 1930 list
1309 Hyperborea 11 October 1931 list
1316 Kasan 17 November 1933 list
1331 Solvejg 25 August 1933 list
1347 Patria 6 November 1931 list
1351 Uzbekistania 5 October 1934 list
1379 Lomonosowa 19 March 1936 list
1386 Storeria 28 July 1935 list
1403 Idelsonia 13 August 1936 list
1434 Margot 19 March 1936 list
1459 Magnya 4 November 1937 list
1484 Postrema 29 April 1938 list
1590 Tsiolkovskaja 1 July 1933 list
1603 Neva 4 November 1926 list
1653 Yakhontovia 30 August 1937 list
1671 Chaika 3 October 1934 list
1692 Subbotina 16 August 1936 list
1725 CrAO 20 September 1930 list
1734 Zhongolovich 11 October 1928 list
1783 Albitskij 24 March 1935 list
2166 Handahl 13 August 1936 list
2237 Melnikov 2 October 1938 list
2484 Parenago 7 October 1928 list
2536 Kozyrev 15 August 1939 list
3036 Krat 11 October 1937 list
3761 Romanskaya 25 July 1936 list
4420 Alandreev 15 August 1936 list

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 29 October 2018. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  2. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(753) Tiflis". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (753) Tiflis. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 72. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_754. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(1129) Neujmina". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1129) Neujmina. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 96. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_1130. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  4. ^ a b c "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: search "Neujmin"". Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  5. ^ Schilling, Govert (1994-12-17). "What's Dvorak doing on Mercury?". New Scientist. Retrieved 2008-09-07.