762 Pulcova

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
762 Pulcova
762Pulcova-SwRI.gif
762 Pulcova and satellite as seen with adaptive optics in 2000[1]
Discovery[2]
Discovered by G. N. Neujmin
Discovery date 3 September 1913
Designations
1913 SQ
Main belt
Orbital characteristics[2]
Epoch 31 July 2016 (JD 2457600.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 100.08 yr (36553 d)
Aphelion 3.4801 AU (520.62 Gm) (Q)
Perihelion 2.8291 AU (423.23 Gm) (q)
3.1546 AU (471.92 Gm) (a)
Eccentricity 0.10319 (e)
5.60 yr (2046.5 d)
348.62° (M)
0° 10m 33.276s / day (n)
Inclination 13.089° (i)
305.76° (Ω)
189.54° (ω)
Known satellites S/2000 (762) 1[1]
Earth MOID 1.84297 AU (275.704 Gm)
Jupiter MOID 1.60162 AU (239.599 Gm)
Jupiter Tisserand parameter 3.158
Physical characteristics
Mean radius
68.54±1.6 km
Mass 1.40×1018 kg[3]
Mean density
0.90 g/cm3[3]
5.839 h (0.2433 d)
5.839 hr[2]
0.0458±0.002[2]
11.93 to 14.79[4]
8.28[2]

762 Pulcova is a main-belt asteroid. It was discovered by Grigoriy N. Neujmin in 1913,[2] and is named after Pulkovo Observatory, near Saint Petersburg. Pulcova is 137 km in diameter,[2] and is a C-type asteroid, which means that it is dark in colouring with a carbonate composition.

Photometric observations of this asteroid from Leura, Australia during 2006 gave a light curve with a period of 5.8403 ± 0.0005 hours and a brightness variation of 0.20 ± 0.02 in magnitude. This result is in agreement with previous studies.[5]

Satellite[edit]

On February 22, 2000,[1] astronomers at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope on Mauna Kea, Hawaii, discovered a small, 15-km moon (roughly a 10th the size of the primary)[6] orbiting Pulcova at a distance of 800 km.[7] Its orbital period is 4 days.[8] The satellite is about 4 magnitudes fainter than the primary.[7] It was one of the first asteroid moons to be identified.

Density[edit]

In the year 2000, Merline estimated Pulcova to have a density of 1.8 g/cm³, which would make it more dense than the trinary asteroid 45 Eugenia, and binary 90 Antiope.[7] But estimates by Marchis in 2008 suggest a density of only 0.90 g/cm³,[3] suggesting it may be a loosely packed rubble pile, not a monolithic object.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "762 Pulcova". SwRI. 2000-02-22. Retrieved 2009-10-20.  (AO image)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 762 Pulcova (1913 SQ)" (2009-09-22 last obs). Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Jim Baer (2008). "Recent Asteroid Mass Determinations". Personal Website. Retrieved 2008-11-28. 
  4. ^ Magnitudes generated with JPL Horizons for the year 1950 through 2100
  5. ^ Oey, Julian (December 2006), "Lightcurves analysis of 10 asteroids from Leura Observatory", The Minor Planet Bulletin, 33 (4), pp. 96–99, Bibcode:2006MPBu...33...96O. 
  6. ^ Dr. William J. Merline & Maria Martinez (2000-10-26). "Astronomers Image Double Asteroid". SwRI Press Release. Retrieved 2009-10-20.  (mentions both 90 Antiope and 762 Pulcova)
  7. ^ a b c W.J. Merline (SwRI); L.M. Close (ESO, U. Arizona); C. Dumas (JPL); J.C. Shelton (Mt. Wilson Obs.); F. Menard (CFHT); C.R. Chapman; et al. (2000-06-21). "Discovery of Companions to Asteroids 762 Pulcova and 90 Antiope by Direct Imaging" (PDF). SwRI. Retrieved 2009-10-21. 
  8. ^ Johnston, Robert (September 1, 2005). "(762) Pulcova". Johnston's Archive. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 

External links[edit]