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Developed byGPSoverIP GmbH
Introduced1998 (1998)
IndustryCellular network

GPSoverIP is a proprietary protocol for transmitting geocoordinates of moving objects to the internet.[1][2] It is a very lean and narrow technology which can be used even in areas where the GSM network bandwidth is no longer sufficient for other transmission paths.[3] The only requirement is a functioning GSM mobile phone network.[4]


The GPSoverIP technology was developed by the GPSoverIP GmbH, a spin-off of the Netzwerk GmbH.[5] In 1998, the desire for a solution for the uninterrupted transmission of the geo-positions of vehicles in short intervals to the internet led to an increased focus on the then still young field of expertise. So-called standardized transport protocols (Transport Control Protocol, TCP) are frequently used for the wireless transmission of GPS data of moving objects on the internet. These are universal and data-intensive protocols designed for the wired internet. Their original purpose is to transfer data over the wired internet. Therefore, they are only partially suitable for the transmission of GPS data of moving objects on the internet. On the one hand, this is due to the size of the overheads, a complex and data-intensive confirmation procedure, the sending of unused layers (identification, flags, version, header, checksum, etc.); on the other hand, the fluctuating quality of the bandwidths in the networks of mobile network operators represents a considerable hurdle for the TCP/IP transport protocol. It can no longer be used if the bandwidth is too low. This leads to interruptions during the transmission.

For these reasons, GPSoverIP was developed to improve the systems' performance and is specially adapted to the specific requirements of the mobile internet. The technology was completed and successfully tested in 2004. The patent was filed in the same year. In 2005 GPSoverIP GmbH was established as an independent company on the market and the first product working with the protocol was launched. The protocol is established in the OEM area.[6] The technology is used by equipment manufacturers as well as by institutions such as Deutsche Bahn.[7][8]

The transmission technology GPSoverIP has been accompanied by another protocol since 2006: DATAoverIP.[9] This is based on the same basic approach to meet the special requirements of the mobile internet. The task of DATAoverIP is to transfer data of different formats to the mobile internet. The background of this development was to transfer not only the GPS position but also other data for general communication (texts, pictures, etc.) as well as vehicle-specific data (FMS/CAN bus, RFID, digital tachographs, etc.).


Comparison of GPSoverIP and TCP

Many systems use the TCP/IP transport protocol for the wireless transmission of GPS data of moving objects on the internet. TCP/IP is a universal transport protocol, which was designed for a wired internet. Its task is to transmit data on the internet, such as texts, sound, photos, or videos. However, it is not suitable for the transmission of GPS data of moving objects on the mobile internet. On the one hand, this is due to the size of its overhead, an elaborate and data-intensive confirmation procedure, the sending of unused layers, and on the other hand, the fluctuating bandwidth quality in the networks of mobile network operators also represents a major hurdle for the TCP/IP transport protocol.

GPSoverIP, which was developed specifically for data transmission in the mobile internet, compensates for the problems caused by TCP/IP. It does not contain any unused layers and is, including GPS and user data (longitude, latitude, direction, altitude, delivery time, speed, number of satellites, checksum, as well as backup and user data), many times smaller than a standard TCP/IP packet without any data. Thus GPSoverIP works stable even with fluctuating bandwidth quality in contrast to TCP/IP. Besides, it avoids overloaded headers and works with its confirmation procedure. The optimal header responsible for a fast and secure transmission is achieved when the GPS frame only needs one packet. This is the case with GPSoverIP.

With GPSoverIP, positions can be transmitted in short intervals, allowing much better visualization of vehicle movement; this is referred to as live positioning. Data sets generated by GPSoverIP are more accurate because there are hardly any data breaks, and GPS transmission errors are corrected immediately at GD-GATE. Based on these data sets, analyses, evaluations, or logbooks can be created reliably. GPSoverIP is a telematics protocol with which fleet control is possible. Compared with conventional methods, the package sizes for transmission are approx. only one-tenth as big.[10] The GPS coordinates can be transmitted using the push method.[11]

A GPSoverIP system always consists of a device with an integrated receiver and transmitter for geo-coordinates and user data. It sends its data via the proprietary GPSoverIP protocol to a gateway that works on the FIFO principle. From there, the GPSoverIP web service provides this information via the real-time API interface for query by GIS applications. The GPSoverIP protocol operates on OSI layers 3 and 4, while OSI layers 5 to 7 are available to any application developer with a defined interface to the GPSoverIP protocol.


There is a wide range of users for the use of GPSoverIP. The possibilities to implement this geodata in the software are diverse. The stability and maintenance of this internet-based service have priority. The live display and access to historical data can be done in any software based on the open interface (API) of GPSoverIP. The description of the API with validated interfaces is available to every developer free of charge. Thus, the data generated by GPSoverIP can be integrated into already existing software solutions, such as merchandise management programs.

Companies such as Porsche, Toyota,[12][13] BMW,[14] Mercedes, Deutsche Bahn,[15][16][17] Navigon,[18][19][20] Deutsche Messe, Audi, Rohde & Schwarz, Deutsche Telekom[21] and Putzmeister, as well as associations such as the ADAC[22] all currently use GPSoverIP protocol and related technologies.


  • DE 02007001710A1  "Method for Loading Means of Transport With Persons and/or Goods to Be Transported and Associated System"


  • 2016: Mittelstandsunion Innovation Award[23][24]
  • 2018/2020: German Telematics Award[25][26]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Landgraf, Georg (4 April 2019). "Das Internet war der Schlüssel zum Erfolg". Main-Post (in German). p. 29.
  2. ^ "Helferlein für harte Kerle". Der Spiegel (in German). 22 March 2007. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  3. ^ Jürgen Haug-Preichl (29 November 2019). "Allerlei Preise und ein Gipsarm". Main-Post (in German). p. 17.
  4. ^ Matting, Matthias (6 November 2006). "Konvergenz: Vernetzter Nutzen". Focus Magazin (in German). p. 123.
  5. ^ Röbke-Doerr, Peter (7 November 2005). "Positionsdaten aus der Ferne". c't Magazin (in German). Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  6. ^ "GPSoverIP GmbH". Telematik Markt (in German). 14 January 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  7. ^ Nallinger, Carsten (1 August 2013). "GPS over IP: So weit das Auge reicht". Eurotransport (in German). Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  8. ^ "Investitionen der Deutschen Bahn" (PDF). Deutscher Bundestag. 11 December 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  9. ^ "GPSauge MI6 v.2 gewinnt den Internationalen busplaner Nachhaltigkeitspreis 2019". Presse Radar (in German). 26 March 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  10. ^ "Details zu GPSoverIP". Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  11. ^ "Push-Technologie überträgt Telemetriewerte". Logistra (in German). Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  12. ^ "Dem Rennwagen in den Tank geschaut". Main-Post (in German). 28 January 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  13. ^ "24h auf dem Nürburgring: GPS-Ortung live im Internet". Motorsport Total (in German). Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  14. ^ "GPSoverIP GmbH". Automobil Industrie (in German). Vogel Business. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  15. ^ "Digitaler Helfer aus Schweinfurt für Diesellokomotiven". Main-Post (in German). 18 November 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  16. ^ Redaktion (21 November 2018). "DB Regio: Telematiksysteme in Verbrennungstriebwagen sollen Millionen Liter Diesel sparen". Bahnblogstelle (in German). Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  17. ^ "GPSoverIP in Unterfranken: Technik aus Schweinfurt erobert Telematiksektor". Antenne Bayern (in German). 25 April 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  18. ^ "Navigon und GPSoverIP: Flottenmanagement auf GPS-Basis". Eurotransport (in German). 5 May 2011. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  19. ^ Benni (4 May 2011). "Flottenmanagementlösung von NAVIGON und GPSoverIP". Pocket Navigation (in German). Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  20. ^ "Neues GPS-System von NAVIGON und GPSoverIP erleichtert Flottenmanagement" (in German). Verband deutscher Vermessungsingenieure. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  21. ^ "M2M vernetzt das Auto" (in German). Deutsche Telekom. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  22. ^ "GPSoverIP Technologie jetzt auch in Dubai". GPSoverIP. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  23. ^ "Innovationspreis für unterfränkische Firmen". Die Kitzinger (in German). 22 November 2016. p. 21.
  24. ^ "GPSoverIP erhält den Innovationspreis der Mittelstandsunion Unterfranken". Telematik Markt (in German). 28 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  25. ^ "Deutscher Telematik Preis 2018: Die Gewinner stehen fest" (in German). Dekra. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  26. ^ Nallinger, Carsten (20 November 2019). "Deutscher Telematik Preis 2020: Das sind die besten Systeme". Eurotransport (in German). Retrieved 19 November 2020.

External links[edit]