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Graham Peter Hall, generally known as GP Hall (born 15 July 1943, Hampton Hill, London, UK) is an English guitarist, composer and improviser fusing and mixing both traditional and avant-garde styles. He is also known for having invented the musical genre known as 'Industrial Sound Sculptures'.
- 1 Musical style and techniques
- 2 History
- 3 Collaborations
- 4 Discography (selected)
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Musical style and techniques
Hall's music draws on classical, rock, jazz, flamenco, folk and blues styles as well as free music, electronic noise and "found" instrumentation. He uses slide and fingerpicking techniques but also plays (or prepares) his guitars with various found implements such as crocodile clips, palette knives, velcro strips, an antique psaltery bow, wind-up toy cars and others in order to create a variety of different sounds and attacks. Hall uses a variety of treatments and electronic effects pedals to further process his guitar output, and sometimes incorporates radio broadcasts into his ensemble sound.
Some of Hall's techniques resemble those of avant-garde guitarists Fred Frith and Keith Rowe who also play guitar with found implements, experiment with sound-sourcing and textural manipulation, and (in the case of Rowe) incorporate radio broadcasts into their work. However, Hall's approach is less orientated towards free jazz and the formal avant-garde and tends to be more melodic, serving a tune or the background setting of a melody. Unlike Rowe, who generally plays or manipulates his guitar with the instrument lying flat on a table, Hall performs using the standard playing position, although like Frith he has been known to lay his guitar down flat (in particular when using the wind-up toy cars).
Hall refers to one of his main playing approaches as "Industrial Sound-Sculpture". This involves creating a highly detailed and layered impressionistic sound piece by layering and/or looping guitar sounds and signals created by a variety of standard and non-standard methods. The sound-sculptures can be melodic, amelodic or both.
Although his electric and electronic playing gains the most attention at concerts, Hall is also known for his particular virtuosity as an acoustic guitarist (on both steel-strung and gut/nylon strung instruments). He is an expert flamenco guitarist, and an accomplished classical-style player. He also plays a customised Shergold six-string bass guitar featuring a half-fretted, half-fretless fretboard (and has been known to play it using flamenco techniques). Hall has been known to dabble in playing other instruments such as double bass, piano, soprano saxophone and varied percussion, mostly for the sake of their timbral qualities. More recently, he has taken up singing (in order to perform his own original folk songs).
1960s and early 1970s - blues etc.
Raised in the East End of London, Hall was schooled in classical, flamenco and jazz playing and went on to develop his skills as a guitarist in the British blues boom of the late 1960s (he would also be inspired by the developing hard rock scene). As a teenager, he played in the Odd Lot Band and set up the Odd Lot Club as a venue for their music, which in turn attracted more established bands and players for concerts.
As he became better known, Hall went on to play at more celebrated London venues including The Roundhouse, the Middle Earth club and the 100 Club (where he was a resident player). He supported the likes of Deep Purple, The Hollies, and Chris Farlowe and played on stage with original American blues heroes John Lee Hooker and Sonny Boy Williamson. In the early 1970s Hall toured Europe as guitarist for Casey Jones & The Governors (a blues-pop band previously known as Casey Jones & The Engineers, in which both Tom McGuiness and Eric Clapton had played briefly before moving onto Manfred Mann and The Yardbirds respectively).
1970s - into the avant-garde
Hall's musical approaches began to broaden in the early 1970s. He spent some time living with Romani musicians (studying with renowned flamenco guitarist Manitas de Plata) and subsequently became involved in more avant-garde work, writing, producing and performing regularly at the British East/West Centre in London. He also became the musical director for the multi-media performance art group Welfare State International.
In 1972, Hall was commissioned by the South Hill Park Arts Centre in Bracknell to write The Estates - a "large and complex" musical piece intended to depict the breakdown of established communities to make way for the New Town of Bracknell. The piece was scored for a large ensemble centred on guitar, bass, clarinet, glockenspiel, hammer dulcimer, assorted percussions and two specially prepared piano frames. The Estates was recorded and released on album by Prototype Records in 1972. Originally an hour long, the recording was subsequently edited down to twenty-five minutes, and a version was released twenty-five years later on the Mar Del Plata album in 1997. Video footage also exists but has not been commercially released.
In 1975, Prototype Records released Manifestations, another album of Hall's work.
Mid-1970s to mid-1980s - wilderness years
At around this time, Hall's promising career was cut short by personal trauma. He describes it as having been "traumatised by a situation of events beyond my control... I was in the wrong place at the wrong time and the experience left me mentally, physically and spiritually bankrupt. As the trauma took hold, it took my confidence and self worth." He was driven to alcohol and to what he describes as "other escape mechanisms that took me to places I didn't want to go." Hall spent a fifteen-year period in personal and material decline. He suffered from depression and became homeless and destitute on several occasions until joining a recovery programme. During the 1980s he began to "communicate back into the real world via my music... at first it was a real hard slog. But as if to compensate, I had extraordinary insights. I am sober today and lead a relatively ordinary life and I really value that. I could not perform my music in any other way other than with a clear head, because it requires so much concentration. It was an isolated and lonely road, but I do appreciate the people who helped me in financial and supportive ways and gave me encouragement when I had many setbacks."
In 1986, Hall released a new album - the twenty-nine track Colors (Movements) - as part of the Colors series of instrumental albums on the Kenwest label (some of his pieces were also included on the compilation album for the range, Colors: The Collection). During this period he also composed library music (which suited his individual and colouristic style with its multi-instrumental and gadgetry-filled approach).
1990s - renaissance
Hall's next solo album, Imaginary Seasons, arrived on his own Imaginary Music label in 1995 and was a surprise nominee for the Mercury Music Prize. Having signed to the Future Music Recordings label, Hall delivered a further follow-up in 1996 - Figments Of Imagination, which compiled both new pieces and old 1970s and 1980s recordings with various avant-garde musicians. In the same year, Hall appeared on the Unknown Public compilation CD Eclectic Guitars (alongside Frank Zappa, Bill Frisell, John Zorn and Robert Fripp) and performed a well-received live solo set at the Unknown Public Holiday event at the Queen Elizabeth Hall, London (26 September 1996).
1997 saw the release of two GP Hall albums - Mar Del Plata (a similar album to Figments Of Imagination, compiling both old and new tracks) and the live recording Marks On The Air taken from the accompanying small tour. (The second of these was released on the tiny Esoteric Binaural Label, and featured label owner and sound engineer Mike Skeet's individual take on binaural recording techniques). Hall also played concerts in the Scottish isles of Lewis and Harris, having been commissioned to write the commemorative piece Sea Sorrow. The latter appeared on the 1998 double album Steel Storms And Tender Spirits, which featured one disc of hard-textured, mainly electric material and one disc of softer, more acoustic-orientated pieces.
Having parted company with Future Music Recordings, Hall released the Each A Glimpse And Gone Forever album in 1999 on Esoteric Binaural Label. This was a part-live, part studio recording documenting activities and ideas generated by the 1998/1999 tours and featured collaborations with Justin Ash (ethnic instruments and percussion).
2000s - the maverick
Without a steady recording contract, Hall's work in the subsequent decade became more sporadic. During 2000, he performed at Reading Jazz Club and at The Outsiders Festival in Oxford with John Ellis). He returned to Oxford in 2001 for a solo concert at The Jacqueline du Pré Music Building. In 2002, Hall performed a solo tour called "Moving The Mountain" which took in Didcot, London, Southend, Bristol, Reading, Oxford, Liverpool and a return to the Isle Of Lewis. He also performed at the Burning Shed Event in Norwich (in support of Industrial Blue, a compilation of his more industrially-inclined work released on the Burning Shed record label).
During 2003 and 2004 Hall recorded two as-yet-unreleased song albums - Songs from the House Within and Precious Love. His next actual release, however, was Gothic Flamenco which was released on the Bronze Records label in 2005 and continued his eclectic instrumental approach. Hall performed live at the 2005 London Guitar Festival. In 2006, he produced a couple of self-released DVD recordings - the acoustic-based Guitarist and the more avant-garde Electric, both filmed by Peter Remke at the Hope & Anchor venue in North London.
Since then, Hall has toured and played intermittently, now interspersing his instrumental pieces with original self-written folk songs. His latest release is the 2010 album Pyroclastic Flow, a fifteen-track guitar-only CD which explores most styles of guitar work. Five years in the making, the album was a collaboration with Hall's close friend Alistair Michie, the Scottish abstract painter. Hall commissioned Michie to paint the covers of the CD - although Michie died just before he could finish the paintings, they are still being used as album artwork as a posthumous tribute. Various other future GP Hall albums have been promised but not yet released - these include the all-acoustic Pure and a Delta blues record. Recently, he has been gaining attention from a new audience by showcasing video clips of his playing on YouTube.
- The Estates (1972 Prototype Records)
- Manifestations (1975 Prototype Records)
- Colors (Movements) (1986, Kenwest)
- Imaginary Seasons (1995, River Flow Productions)
- Figments Of Imagination (1996, Future Music Records)
- Mar Del Plata (1997, Future Music Records)
- Marks On The Air(1997, Esoteric Binaural Label) - live album
- Steel Storms (And Tender Spirits) (1998, Future Music Records)double CD
- Each A Glimpse (And Gone Forever (1999, Esoteric Binaural Label) - mixture of studio and live tracks
- Industrial Blue (2002, Burning Shed)
- Gothic Flamenco (2005, Bronze Records)
- Pyroclastic Flow (2010 Imaginary Music)
(Note that the majority of GP Hall's catalogue has consisted of short-run release albums which have been deleted fairly quickly, meaning that many recordings of individual pieces have been re-released on subsequent recordings.)
appearance on various artist compilations
- Colors (The Collection) (1986, Kenwest)
- Eclectic Guitars UP6 (Unknown Public)
- Electric (2006, self-released)
- Guitarist (2006, self-released)
- GP Hall entry in International Who's Who in Popular Music, Volume 4, page 212 (published by Routledge, 2002) -also viewable via Books
- GP Hall entry at All About Jazz, retrieved 28 October 2008
- "Gig Reviews - G.P. Hall, John Lloyd, Jon Leadbeater, Rob Palmer" on BH One (Bournemouth Music Site)
- Description of Industrial Sound Sculpture on Techniques page of GP Hall website, retrieved 28 October 2008
- Sound on Sound Magazine feature on GP Hall by Mark Prendergast in Sound On Sound magazine, April 1989 (hosted on GP Hall's homepage), accessed 3 May 2009
- in Avant Magazine: Feature on GP Hall in Avant Magazine, October 1997 (hosted on GP Hall's homepage), accessed 3 May 2009
- Review of GP Hall's DVD Showcases at the Vortex Jazz Club website, accessed 3 May 2009