GSTM2

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GSTM2
Protein GSTM2 PDB 1hna.png
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
Aliases GSTM2, GST4, GSTM, GSTM2-2, GTHMUS, glutathione S-transferase mu 2 (muscle), glutathione S-transferase mu 2
External IDs MGI: 1915562 HomoloGene: 41816 GeneCards: GSTM2
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 1 (human)
Chr. Chromosome 1 (human)[1]
Chromosome 1 (human)
Genomic location for GSTM2
Genomic location for GSTM2
Band 1p13.3 Start 109,668,022 bp[1]
End 109,709,551 bp[1]
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_001142368
NM_000848

NM_026672
NM_001356351

RefSeq (protein)

NP_000839
NP_001135840

NP_080948
NP_001343280

Location (UCSC) Chr 1: 109.67 – 109.71 Mb Chr 1: 107.93 – 107.93 Mb
PubMed search [3] [4]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Glutathione S-transferase Mu 2 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the GSTM2 gene.[5][6][7]

Cytosolic and membrane-bound forms of glutathione S-transferase are encoded by two distinct supergene families. At present, eight distinct classes of the soluble cytoplasmic mammalian glutathione S-transferases have been identified: alpha, kappa, mu, omega, pi, sigma, theta and zeta. This gene encodes a glutathione S-transferase that belongs to the mu class. The mu class of enzymes functions in the detoxification of electrophilic compounds, including carcinogens, therapeutic drugs, environmental toxins and products of oxidative stress, by conjugation with glutathione. The genes encoding the mu class of enzymes are organized in a gene cluster on chromosome 1p13.3 and are known to be highly polymorphic. These genetic variations can change an individual's susceptibility to carcinogens and toxins as well as affect the toxicity and efficacy of certain drugs.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000213366 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000004035 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  5. ^ Vorachek WR, Pearson WR, Rule GS (Jun 1991). "Cloning, expression, and characterization of a class-mu glutathione transferase from human muscle, the product of the GST4 locus". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 88 (10): 4443–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.88.10.4443. PMC 51676Freely accessible. PMID 2034681. 
  6. ^ Campbell E, Takahashi Y, Abramovitz M, Peretz M, Listowsky I (Jul 1990). "A distinct human testis and brain mu-class glutathione S-transferase. Molecular cloning and characterization of a form present even in individuals lacking hepatic type mu isoenzymes". J Biol Chem. 265 (16): 9188–93. PMID 2345169. 
  7. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: GSTM2 glutathione S-transferase M2 (muscle)". 

Further reading[edit]