|Tourism region||Dolné Považie|
|Elevation||118 m (387 ft)|
|Area||31.85 km2 (12.30 sq mi)|
|Density||498/km2 (1,290/sq mi)|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||924 01|
|Wikimedia Commons: Galanta|
The name is derived from a Slavic name Golęta (initially a collective name of a youth group selected from a kin and responsible for guarding). A pre-Hungarian origin of the settlement is documented by the Proto-Slavic nasal "ę" conserved in the name (GalaNta; compare with Czech Holetín and Holetice).
Galanta lies in the Danubian Lowland (Podunajská nížina), the warm southern part of Slovakia. There are many agricultural fields around Galanta, where wheat, corn, and other vegetables and fruits are grown.
The land around Galanta has almost continuously been inhabited since the neolithic. From the second half of the 10th century until 1918, it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary. The first written record of Galanta was made in 1237 in a Royal Decree by Béla IV of Hungary. Through the years, the settlement was under the lordship of various noble families. Beginning in 1421, the Eszterházy family ruled the town and the surrounding area. In 1613 or 1614, Galanta was promoted to a free market town. After break-up of Austria-Hungary in 1918/1920, the town became part of newly created Czechoslovakia. As a result of the First Vienna Award, it returned to Hungary between 1938 and 1945. On 31 March 1945, Galanta was captured by troops of the Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front and became again part of Czechoslovakia.
Galanta is an old town where most historical buildings have unfortunately been damaged or destroyed in World War II. During the Communist era of Czechoslovakia (1948–1989) the architecture of the town has further deteriorated as historic buildings were razed and replaced by prefabricated concrete apartment complexes and buildings. There are two important historical buildings left. The first one is Esterházys' Neo-Gothic Castle and the second one is the Renaissance castle (the two are often referred to as manor houses rather than castles). The Esterházys' Neo-Gothic Castle is in a state of disrepair and has been closed to the public since the late 1980s. The Renaissance castle was renovated in the 1990s and is being used as a museum, exhibition space and cultural center.
According to the 2001 census, the town had 16,365 inhabitants. 60.35% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 36.80% Hungarians, 1.07% Roma and 0.70% Czechs. The religious makeup was 67.05% Roman Catholics, 20.07% people with no religious affiliation and 6.34% Lutherans.
In 1910, 89.6% of the population reported Hungarian as primary language, 6.2% Slovak, 3.5% German or Yiddish. The religious make-up was 65.3% Roman Catholic, 32.4% Jewish and 1.3% Lutheran.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Galanta is twinned with:
- Albignasego, Italy (2007)
- Mikulov, Czech Republic (2003)
- Paks, Hungary (1998)
- Tótkomlós, Hungary (1999)
- Kecskemét, Hungary (1998)
- Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia (2006)
- Bečej, Serbia (2001)
- Krajčovič, Rudolf (2003). "Lexika ojkonymických sústav ako komunikačno–informatívny fenomén (O cestných komunikáciách na Slovensku v ranom stredoveku)". In Žigo, Pavel; Majtán, Milan. Vlastné meno v komunikácii (PDF). Bratislava: Veda, Vydavateľstvo SAV. p. 44. ISBN 80-224-0791-7.
- Krajčovič, Rudolf (2008). "Z lexiky stredovekej slovenčiny s výkladmi názvov obcí a miest (12)". Kultúra slova. Martin: Vydavateľstvo Matice slovenskej (6): 339.
- Stanislav, Ján (1999). Slovenský juh v stredoveku I. Bratislava: Národné literárne centrum. ISBN 80-88878-49-7.
- History of Galanta
- "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2008-01-11. Retrieved 2008-01-13.
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