Gazoros

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Gazoros or Gazorus (Greek: Γάζωρος) was a town mentioned by Ptolemy to be in the region of Edonis or Odomantike[1] and also by inscriptions of Hellenistic and Roman times.[2] Later in the 4th century BC, it was annexed to the Macedonian kingdom and made a polis[3][4] under Phillip II of Macedon or the Antigonids.[5] Artemis Gazoria or Gazoreitis was worshiped all over the region till Roman times. In the imperial times, according to epigraphic evidences, Gazoros was a member of a federation of five cities ("Pentapolis") that had its seat in the ancient city of Sirra (today Serres).[6]

Gazoros is currently located in Greece[7] 3 km to the east of the modern village with the same name,[8] on the hill of "Haghios Athanasios".[9] [10] The modern town Gazoros is part of the municipality Nea Zichni, in the Serres regional unit.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Classical philology, Tomes 42-43 by JSTOR (Organization),University of Chicago Press. Journals Division,1947,page 94,
  2. ^ D. C. Samsaris, La vallée du Bas-Strymon á l’ époque impériale (Contribution épigraphique á la topographie, l’ onomastique, l’ histoire et aux cultes de la province romaine de Macédoine), Dodona 18 (1989), fasc. 1, p. 275-279, n. 111-117 = The Packard Humanities Institute (Samsaris, Bas-Strymon 111, # PH150750)The Packard Humanities Institute (Samsaris, Bas-Strymon 112, # PH150752)The Packard Humanities Institute (Samsaris, Bas-Strymon 113, # PH150753)The Packard Humanities Institute (Samsaris, Bas-Strymon 114, # PH150754)The Packard Humanities Institute (Samsaris, Bas-Strymon 115, # PH150755)The Packard Humanities Institute (Samsaris, Bas-Strymon 116, # PH150756)The Packard Humanities Institute (Samsaris, Bas-Strymon 117, # PH150757)
  3. ^ Supplementum epigraphicum graecum [SEG], Τόμος 32 by H. W. Pleket,R. S. Stroud,page 187,inscriptions from this place which show that Gazoros was an independent polis
  4. ^ Ancient Greek Laws: A Sourcebook by Il Arnaoutoglou,1998,page 56 &Glossary
  5. ^ An inventory of archaic and classical poleis,page 857
  6. ^ [1] D. C. Samsaris, Historical Geography of Eastern Macedonia during the Antiquity (in Greek), Thessaloniki 1976 (Society for Macedonian Studies), p. 129-131. ISBN 960-7265-16-5.
  7. ^ Barrington atlas of the Greek and Roman world, Τόμοι 1-2 by Richard J. A. Talbert,2000,ISBN 0691049459,page 753
  8. ^ Macedonian institutions under the kings by Miltiadēs B. Hatzopoulos,page 51,at the site of ancient Gazoros, 3 km to the east of the modern village of that name
  9. ^ D. C. Samsaris, Historical Geography of Eastern Macedonia during the Antiquity (in Greek), Thessaloniki 1976 (Society for Macedonian Studies), p. 130. ISBN 960-7265-16-5.
  10. ^ [2] Dimitrios C. Samsaris, A history of Serres (in the Ancient and Roman times), Thessaloniki 1999, p. 73-74 (Website of Municipality of Serres)