|• Mayor||Romy Bauer (CDU)|
|• Total||30.18 km2 (11.65 sq mi)|
|Elevation||225 m (738 ft)|
|• Density||180/km2 (470/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Vehicle registration||L, BNA, GHA, GRM, MTL, WUR|
The first documented mention of the town was in the year 1186 in a document, which described the donation of earnings from the Wickershainer Marion Church to the Bishop of Merseburg through the Duke Dedo von Rochlitz.
The name of the town has its origins in the Old Sorbian word "Chytan" (Chyten) and describes the place of Chyten, where "Chyt" (Chit) is a Sorbian first name.
In 1209 there was another documented mention of Geithain and the already established Nicolai Church. In this year the establishment of a hospital and a chapel (of St. James) was ordered by Konrad II of Groitzsch (1190–1210), the Margrave of Lausitz. Also, although Geithain is described as a town in this document, a charter with the first mayor (Silvester Phil) is first evident for the year 1335. From 1346 cisterns and wooden water conduits were constructed in Geithain, which were used until 1904.
Gaithain was administered in the Middle Ages by a Vogt, who had his seat in the Freihof, first mentioned in 1349. The Geithain powder-tower, today one of the sights of the town, was part of the Freihof and was inserted with this into the town's fortifications.
1936 was the 750th year anniversary of Geithain. They had a celebration for 3 days around 1 September.
In World War II the town had 219 dead. On the 13 April 1945 alone 13 people were killed in a single air raid on the town. The target of the low-flying aircraft was the railway station. On the 14 April the Second World War ended for Geithain with the arrival of American troops.
Sons and daughters of the city
- Paul Guenther, (1860-1932), German-born American industrialist, emigrated to the USA in 1890, in 1910 he was the largest stocking producer in the USA,
- Henning Frenzel, (born 1942), former football national player in the GDR
- Walter Risse, (1892-1965), officer, most recently general lieutenant in the Second World War
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