Gekkonidae

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Gekkonidae
Tokay.jpg
Tokay gecko (Gekko gecko)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Infraorder: Gekkota
Family: Gekkonidae
Gray, 1825
Genera

See text

Gekkonidae is the largest family of geckos, containing over 950 described species in 61 genera.[1][2][3][4][5][6] Many "typical" geckos are members of Gekkonidae, including house geckos (Hemidactylus), tokay geckos (Gekko gecko), and day geckos (Phelsuma). Gekkonid geckos occur globally and are particularly species-rich in tropical areas.

Evolution[edit]

They evolved probably in the Lower Cretaceous and some 100 million years ago they were already well adapted for scansorial lifestyle.[7]

Genera[edit]

Gekkonidae contains the following genera:

Phylogeny[edit]

Pyron, et al. (2013)[8] presents the following classification of Gekkonidae genera, based on molecular phylogenetics.

Gekkonidae 

Lepidodactylus, Pseudogekko, Luperosaurus, Gekko, Dixonius, Heteronotia, Nactus, Hemiphyllodactylus, Gehyra

Alsophylax, Tropiocolotes, Cnemaspis, Mediodactylus, Pseudoceramodactylus, Tropiocolotes, Stenodactylus, Bunopus, Crossobamon, Agamura, Cyrtopodion, Cyrtodactylus, Hemidactylus

Perochirus, Urocotyledon, Ebenavia, Paroedura, Ailuronyx, Calodactylodes, Ptenopus, Narudasia, Cnemaspis, Uroplatus, Paragehyra, Christinus, Afrogecko, Cryptactites, Matoatoa, Afroedura, Geckolepis, Homopholis, Blaesodactylus, Goggia, Rhoptropus, Elasmodactylus, Chondrodactylus, Colopus, Pachydactylus, Cnemaspis, Rhoptropella, Lygodactylus, Phelsuma

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Reptile Database http://www.reptile-database.org
  2. ^ Han, D., K. Zhou, & A. M. Bauer. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships among gekkotan lizards inferred from c-mos nuclear DNA sequences and a new classification of the Gekkota. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 83: 353– 368.
  3. ^ Gamble, T., A. M. Bauer, E. Greenbaum, & T.R. Jackman. 2008. Out of the blue: A novel, trans-Atlantic clade of geckos (Gekkota, Squamata). Zoologica Scripta 37: 355-366.
  4. ^ Gamble, T., A. M. Bauer, E. Greenbaum, & T.R. Jackman. 2008. Evidence for Gondwanan vicariance in an ancient clade of gecko lizards. Journal of Biogeography 35: 88-104
  5. ^ Gamble, T., A. M. Bauer, G. R. Colli, E. Greenbaum, and T.R. Jackman, L. J. Vitt and A. M. Simons. 2011. Coming to America: Multiple Origins of New World Geckos. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24:231-244.
  6. ^ Gamble, T., E. Greenbaum, T.R. Jackman, A.P. Russell, and A.M. Bauer. 2012. Repeated origin and loss of adhesive toepads in geckos. PLoS ONE 7:e39429
  7. ^ Gabriela Fontanarrosa, Juan D. Daza & Virginia Abdala (2017). Cretaceous fossil gecko hand reveals a strikingly modern scansorial morphology: Qualitative and biometric analysis of an amber-preserved lizard hand. Cretaceous Research. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2017.11.003
  8. ^ Pyron, R Alexander, Frank T Burbrink and John J Wiens. 2013. A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:93. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-93