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Temporal range: Eocene - Recent
Tokay gecko (Gekko gecko), the largest species of Gekkonidae
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Superfamily: Gekkonoidea
Family: Gekkonidae
Gray, 1825

Gekkonidae (the common geckos) is the largest family of geckos, containing over 950 described species in 64 genera.[1][2][3][4][5][6] Members of the Gekkonidae comprise many of the most widespread gecko species, including house geckos (Hemidactylus), tokay geckos (Gekko), day geckos (Phelsuma), mourning geckos (Lepidodactylus) and dtellas (Gehyra). Gekkonid geckos occur globally and are particularly species-rich in tropical areas.

Hemidactylus geckos are one of the most species-rich and widely distributed of all reptile genera. [7]


The earliest known gekkonidae fossil record Yantarogekko was found in Eocene-Aged Baltic amber.[8]


Species within the Gekkonidae family can be located in every warm land area, furthermore, many genera are capable of widespread geographical habitation. Genus Hemidactylus alone supports this claim as it can be identified in all sub-tropical areas of the world.[7][9] However, many other genera exist that are endemic, for example, genera afroedura, and afrogecko, are distributed in the continent of Africa.[10][11] The range of genus Lepidodactylus stretches from South Asia to Oceania; this genus also accounts for several island species.[12] The genera listed here do not account for all Gekkonidae subspecies and are used only as examples of distribution, for a full list see section 'Genera'.[13][14][15]


Gekkonidae contains the following genera:

Possibly belonging to the family:

Yantarogekko (fossil)


Pyron, et al. (2013)[16] presents the following classification of Gekkonidae genera, based on molecular phylogenetics.


Lepidodactylus, Pseudogekko, Luperosaurus, Gekko, Dixonius, Heteronotia, Nactus, Hemiphyllodactylus, Gehyra

Alsophylax, Tropiocolotes, Cnemaspis, Mediodactylus, Pseudoceramodactylus, Tropiocolotes, Stenodactylus, Bunopus, Crossobamon, Agamura, Cyrtopodion, Cyrtodactylus, Hemidactylus

Perochirus, Urocotyledon, Ebenavia, Paroedura, Ailuronyx, Calodactylodes, Ptenopus, Narudasia, Cnemaspis, Uroplatus, Paragehyra, Christinus, Afrogecko, Cryptactites, Matoatoa, Afroedura, Geckolepis, Homopholis, Blaesodactylus, Goggia, Rhoptropus, Elasmodactylus, Chondrodactylus, Colopus, Pachydactylus, Cnemaspis, Rhoptropella, Lygodactylus, Phelsuma


  1. ^ Gamble, Tony; Bauer, Aaron M.; Greenbaum, Eli; Jackman, Todd R. (21 August 2007). "Evidence for Gondwanan vicariance in an ancient clade of gecko lizards". Journal of Biogeography: 070821084123003––. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2007.01770.x.
  2. ^ Gamble, T.; Bauer, A.M.; Greenbaum, E.; Jackman, T.R. (July 2008). "Out of the blue: A novel, trans-Atlantic clade of geckos (Gekkota, Squamata)". Zoologica Scripta. 37 (4): 355–366. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2008.00330.x. S2CID 83706826.
  3. ^ Gamble, T.; Bauer, A.M.; Colli, G.R.; Greenbaum, E.; Jackman, T.R.; Vitt, L.J.; Simons, A.M. (February 2011). "Coming to America: Multiple Origins of New World Geckos". Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 24 (2): 231–244. doi:10.1111/j.1420-9101.2010.02184.x. PMC 3075428. PMID 21126276.
  4. ^ Gamble, Tony; Greenbaum, Eli; Jackman, Todd R.; Russell, Anthony P.; Bauer, Aaron M. (June 27, 2012). "Repeated Origin and Loss of Adhesive Toepads in Geckos". PLOS ONE. 7 (6): e39429. Bibcode:2012PLoSO...739429G. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039429. PMC 3384654. PMID 22761794.
  5. ^ Han, D.; Zhou, K.; Bauer, A.M. (2004). "Phylogenetic relationships among gekkotan lizards inferred from c-mos nuclear DNA sequences and a new classification of the Gekkota". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 83 (3): 353–368. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2004.00393.x.
  6. ^ Gamble, T.; Greenbaum, E.; Jackman, T.R.; Bauer, A.M. (August 2015). "Into the light: Diurnality has evolved multiple times in geckos". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 115 (4): 896–910. doi:10.1111/bij.12536.
  7. ^ a b Carranza, S., and E. .. Arnold. "Systematics, Biogeography, and Evolution of Hemidactylus Geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) Elucidated Using Mitochondrial DNA Sequences." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 38, no. 2, Elsevier Inc, 2006, pp. 531–45, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.07.012.
  8. ^ Bauer, Aaron (28 Feb 2006). "An Early Eocene gecko from Baltic amber and its implications for the evolution of gecko adhesion". ZSL. Retrieved 22 Jul 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ "Hemidactylus at The Reptile Database". The Reptile Database. Retrieved 21 Jul 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ Branch, William; Schmitz; Lobón-Rovira; Baptista; António; Conradie (12 January 2021). "Rock island melody: A revision of the Afroedura bogerti Loveridge, 1944 group, with descriptions of four new endemic species from Angola". Zoosystematics and Evolution. Retrieved 21 July 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. ^ "Afrogecko porphyreus (DAUDIN, 1802)". The Reptile Database. Retrieved 21 Jul 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ "Genus Lepidodactylus at The Reptile Database". The Reptile Database. 21 Jul 2022. Retrieved 21 Jul 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ Hosseinzadeh, Mahboubeh Sadat; Fois, Mauro; Zangi, Bahman; Kazemi, Seyed Mahdi (2020-12-01). "Predicting past, current and future habitat suitability and geographic distribution of the Iranian endemic species Microgecko latifi (Sauria: Gekkonidae)". Journal of Arid Environments. 183: 104283. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2020.104283. ISSN 0140-1963.
  14. ^ Davis, Hayden R.; Chan, Kin Onn; Das, Indraneil; Brennan, Ian G.; Karin, Benjamin R.; Jackman, Todd R.; Brown, Rafe M.; Iskandar, Djoko T.; Nashriq, Izneil; Grismer, L. Lee; Bauer, Aaron M. (2020-06-01). "Multilocus phylogeny of Bornean Bent-Toed geckos (Gekkonidae: Cyrtodactylus) reveals hidden diversity, taxonomic disarray, and novel biogeographic patterns". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 147: 106785. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2020.106785. ISSN 1055-7903. PMID 32135306.
  15. ^ Nania, Dario; Flecks, Morris; Rödder, Dennis (2020-07-06). "Continuous expansion of the geographic range linked to realized niche expansion in the invasive Mourning gecko Lepidodactylus lugubris (Duméril & Bibron, 1836)". PLOS ONE. 15 (7): e0235060. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0235060. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 7337341. PMID 32628687. S2CID 220386935.
  16. ^ Pyron, R Alexander, Frank T Burbrink and John J Wiens. 2013. A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:93. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-93