Gekkonidae

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Gekkonidae
Tokay.jpg
Tokay gecko (Gekko gecko), the largest species of Gekkonidae
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Superfamily: Gekkonoidea
Family: Gekkonidae
Gray, 1825
Subfamilies

Gekkonidae (the common geckos) is the largest family of geckos, containing over 950 described species in 64 genera.[1][2][3][4][5][6] Members of the Gekkonidae comprise many of the most widespread gecko species, including house geckos (Hemidactylus), tokay geckos (Gekko), day geckos (Phelsuma), mourning geckos (Lepidodactylus) and dtellas (Gehyra). Gekkonid geckos occur globally and are particularly species-rich in tropical areas.

Evolution[edit]

They evolved probably in the Lower Cretaceous and some 100 million years ago they were already well adapted for a scansorial lifestyle.[7][8][9] Some members of the Gekkonidae family have evolved adhesive toe pads that allow them to adhere to and climb vertical surfaces.[10][11]

Habitat[edit]

Many genera of the Gekkonidae family are capable of widespread geographical habitation. However, such species prefer arid regions of warmer temperature and higher precipitation.[12][13][14]

Genera[edit]

Gekkonidae contains the following genera:

Phylogeny[edit]

Pyron, et al. (2013)[15] presents the following classification of Gekkonidae genera, based on molecular phylogenetics.

Gekkonidae 

Lepidodactylus, Pseudogekko, Luperosaurus, Gekko, Dixonius, Heteronotia, Nactus, Hemiphyllodactylus, Gehyra

Alsophylax, Tropiocolotes, Cnemaspis, Mediodactylus, Pseudoceramodactylus, Tropiocolotes, Stenodactylus, Bunopus, Crossobamon, Agamura, Cyrtopodion, Cyrtodactylus, Hemidactylus

Perochirus, Urocotyledon, Ebenavia, Paroedura, Ailuronyx, Calodactylodes, Ptenopus, Narudasia, Cnemaspis, Uroplatus, Paragehyra, Christinus, Afrogecko, Cryptactites, Matoatoa, Afroedura, Geckolepis, Homopholis, Blaesodactylus, Goggia, Rhoptropus, Elasmodactylus, Chondrodactylus, Colopus, Pachydactylus, Cnemaspis, Rhoptropella, Lygodactylus, Phelsuma

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gamble, Tony; Bauer, Aaron M.; Greenbaum, Eli; Jackman, Todd R. (21 August 2007). "Evidence for Gondwanan vicariance in an ancient clade of gecko lizards". Journal of Biogeography: 070821084123003––. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2007.01770.x.
  2. ^ Gamble, T.; Bauer, A.M.; Greenbaum, E.; Jackman, T.R. (July 2008). "Out of the blue: A novel, trans-Atlantic clade of geckos (Gekkota, Squamata)". Zoologica Scripta. 37 (4): 355–366. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2008.00330.x. S2CID 83706826.
  3. ^ Gamble, T.; Bauer, A.M.; Colli, G.R.; Greenbaum, E.; Jackman, T.R.; Vitt, L.J.; Simons, A.M. (February 2011). "Coming to America: Multiple Origins of New World Geckos". Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 24 (2): 231–244. doi:10.1111/j.1420-9101.2010.02184.x. PMC 3075428. PMID 21126276.
  4. ^ Gamble, Tony; Greenbaum, Eli; Jackman, Todd R.; Russell, Anthony P.; Bauer, Aaron M. (June 27, 2012). "Repeated Origin and Loss of Adhesive Toepads in Geckos". PLOS ONE. 7 (6): e39429. Bibcode:2012PLoSO...739429G. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039429. PMC 3384654. PMID 22761794.
  5. ^ Han, D.; Zhou, K.; Bauer, A.M. (2004). "Phylogenetic relationships among gekkotan lizards inferred from c-mos nuclear DNA sequences and a new classification of the Gekkota". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 83 (3): 353–368. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2004.00393.x.
  6. ^ Gamble, T.; Greenbaum, E.; Jackman, T.R.; Bauer, A.M. (August 2015). "Into the light: Diurnality has evolved multiple times in geckos". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 115 (4): 896–910. doi:10.1111/bij.12536.
  7. ^ Gabriela Fontanarrosa, Juan D. Daza & Virginia Abdala (2017). Cretaceous fossil gecko hand reveals a strikingly modern scansorial morphology: Qualitative and biometric analysis of an amber-preserved lizard hand. Cretaceous Research. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2017.11.003
  8. ^ Gamble, T.; Greenbaum, E.; Jackman, T.R.; Bauer, A.M. (August 2015). "Into the light: Diurnality has evolved multiple times in geckos". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 115 (4): 896–910. doi:10.1111/bij.12536.
  9. ^ Gamble, T.; Bauer, A.M.; Colli, G.R.; Greenbaum, E.; Jackman, T.R.; Vitt, L.J.; Simons, A.M. (February 2011). "Coming to America: Multiple Origins of New World Geckos". Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 24 (2): 231–244. doi:10.1111/j.1420-9101.2010.02184.x. PMC 3075428. PMID 21126276.
  10. ^ Irschick, Duncan J.; Austin, Christopher C.; Petren, Ken; Fisher, Robert N.; Losos, Jonathan B.; Ellers, Olaf (September 1996). "A comparative analysis of clinging ability among pad-bearing lizards". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 59 (1): 21–35. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.1996.tb01451.x.
  11. ^ Russell, Anthony P. (1975). "A contribution to the functional analysis of the foot of the Tokay, Gekko gecko (Reptilia: Gekkonidae)". Journal of Zoology. 176 (4): 437–476. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1975.tb03215.x.
  12. ^ Hosseinzadeh, Mahboubeh Sadat; Fois, Mauro; Zangi, Bahman; Kazemi, Seyed Mahdi (2020-12-01). "Predicting past, current and future habitat suitability and geographic distribution of the Iranian endemic species Microgecko latifi (Sauria: Gekkonidae)". Journal of Arid Environments. 183: 104283. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2020.104283. ISSN 0140-1963.
  13. ^ Davis, Hayden R.; Chan, Kin Onn; Das, Indraneil; Brennan, Ian G.; Karin, Benjamin R.; Jackman, Todd R.; Brown, Rafe M.; Iskandar, Djoko T.; Nashriq, Izneil; Grismer, L. Lee; Bauer, Aaron M. (2020-06-01). "Multilocus phylogeny of Bornean Bent-Toed geckos (Gekkonidae: Cyrtodactylus) reveals hidden diversity, taxonomic disarray, and novel biogeographic patterns". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 147: 106785. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2020.106785. ISSN 1055-7903. PMID 32135306.
  14. ^ Nania, Dario; Flecks, Morris; Rödder, Dennis (2020-07-06). "Continuous expansion of the geographic range linked to realized niche expansion in the invasive Mourning gecko Lepidodactylus lugubris (Duméril & Bibron, 1836)". PLOS ONE. 15 (7): e0235060. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0235060. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 7337341. PMID 32628687. S2CID 220386935.
  15. ^ Pyron, R Alexander, Frank T Burbrink and John J Wiens. 2013. A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:93. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-93