Gemmuloborsonia

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Gemmuloborsonia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Caenogastropoda
Clade: Hypsogastropoda
Clade: Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Conoidea
Family: Clavatulidae
Genus: Gemmuloborsonia
Shuto, 1989
Type species
Gemmuloborsonia fierstinei Shuto, 1989

Gemmuloborsonia is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Clavatulidae.[1][2]

Description[edit]

This genus is provisionally included in the family Clavatulidae as the characters of the shell and the radula of this genus resemble more the characters of this family than those of the family Horaiclavidae. However, it differs from the other genera in this family by its weak columellar pleats and the multispiral protoconch in the Recent specie. However the extinct species type has a paucispiral, globose and almost smooth protoconch. This must then be considered an apomorphic character state.

The fusiform shell is moderately small. The spire is relatively high and the base is contracted. The spire shows a peripheral cord with gemmules. The anal sinus is deep and its crest reaches the peripheral cord. The distinct columellar pleat is blunt.

Distribution[edit]

Originally only known as a fossil from the Upper Miocene-Lower Pleistocene of the Tethys Ocean and found in the Philippines, bathyal Recent species from New Caledonia, Indonesia, the Mozambique Channel, and the Philippines have been discovered. The genus appears to be rather widely distributed through the Indo-Pacific

Species[edit]

Species within the genus Gemmuloborsonia include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gemmuloborsonia Shuto, 1989.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 14 April 2010.
  2. ^ P. Bouchet; Yu. I. Kantor; A. Sysoev; N. Puillandre (2011). "A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda)". Journal of Molluscan Studies. 77 (3): 273–308. doi:10.1093/mollus/eyr017. 
  3. ^ Gemmuloborsonia clandestina Puillandre, Cruaud & Kantor, 2009.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 14 April 2010.
  4. ^ Gemmuloborsonia colorata (Sysoev & Bouchet, 2001).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 26 August 2010.
  5. ^ Gemmuloborsonia didyma Sysoev & Bouchet, 1996.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 14 April 2010.
  6. ^ Gemmuloborsonia jarrigei Sysoev & Bouchet, 2001.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 14 April 2010.
  7. ^ Gemmuloborsonia karubar Sysoev & Bouchet, 1996.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 14 April 2010.
  8. ^ Gemmuloborsonia moosai Sysoev & Bouchet, 1996.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 14 April 2010.
  9. ^ Gemmuloborsonia neocaledonica Sysoev & Bouchet, 1996.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 14 April 2010.

External links[edit]