General Campaign Star

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General Campaign Star
GCS medal.jpg
The General Campaign Star with the original version of bars
Awarded by the
Canadian Coat of Arms Shield.svg
monarch of Canada
Type Campaign medal
Eligibility All members of the Canadian Forces
Awarded for Service in operations in the presence of an armed enemy.
Campaign(s) Various.
Status Currently awarded
Statistics
Established 7 July 2004
First awarded 29 November 2004
Precedence
Next (higher) South-West Asia Service Medal
Next (lower) General Service Medal
CAN General Campaign Star ALLIED FORCE (GCS-AF).png
Ribbon bar for Allied Force GCS
General Campaign Star Ribbon.png
Ribbon bar for South-West Asia GCS
CAN General Campaign Star EXPEDITION (GCS-EXP).png
Ribbon bar for Expedition GCS

The General Campaign Star (French: Étoile de campagne générale) is a campaign medal created in 2004 by the Canadian monarch-in-Council to recognize members of the Canadian Forces who had directly participated in any military campaign under Canadian or allied command.[1][2] It is, within the Canadian system of honours, the sixth highest of the war and operational service medals.

Design[edit]

The General Campaign Star is in the form of a 44 millimetres (1.7 in) wide compass star Celeste with, on the obverse, a wreath of maple leaves surrounding a superimposed composition of two crossed swords (representing the Army), an anchor (symbolizing the Navy), and a soaring eagle (representing the Air Force), all surmounted by a St. Edward's Crown, evoking the sovereign's roles as both fount of honour and Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Forces.[1][3] On the reverse is a space for engraving the recipient's name and rank between the reigning monarch's Royal Cypher topped by another crown above and a sprig of three maple leaves below.

This medallion is worn at the left chest, suspended on a 31.8mm wide ribbon coloured with vertical stripes in Canada's official colours of red and white flanking a central band in green, representing service. The accompanying medal bars are rectangular in shape with raised edges and bear the name of the campaign for which they are being presented;[1] the first is worn centred on the ribbon, while additional bars are evenly spaced and arranged in the chronological order earned, with the eldest at the bottom, closest to the medal. For wear on undress, a silver, gold, or red maple leaf is pinned to the ribbon bar, denoting, respectively, the award of a second, third, or fourth or subsequent bar.[1]

Eligibility[edit]

On 7 July 2004,[4] Queen Elizabeth II, on the advice of her Cabinet under Prime Minister Paul Martin, created the General Campaign Star to recognize, without having to produce a new medal for each mission, members of the Canadian Forces or allied forces who had participated in Canadian military campaigns.[2] To qualify for the medal, individuals had to have served in a theatre of war the presence of an armed enemy.[1]

Bars[edit]

As with the General Service Medal, the General Campaign Star (GCS) was initially only awarded with one ribbon. Bars were to be attached to denote the area or mission which qualified for recognition; the first two bars were titled "ALLIED FORCE" and "ISAF+FIAS". In 2009, the system of bars was revised such that ribbons denoted specific theatres or services and bars recognized multiple rotations. As a result, recipients of the original GCS with the Allied Force bar remounted their medals without the bar and used the new Allied Force ribbon.[5] Recipients of the medal with the ISAF+FIAS bar needed only to have the medal remounted without the bar on the same ribbon.[6]

The Allied Force bar was presented to pilots and crew of what was then called the Canadian Forces Air Command (now the Royal Canadian Air Force) who flew a minimum of five sorties over Kosovo and other territories, including Albania and the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, as well as the Adriatic and Ionian Seas, during Operation Allied Force, between 24 March and 10 June 1999. For some recipients, it might have been necessary for them to return their NATO Medal before accepting the Allied Force bar.[1]

Those in the Canadian Forces and allied militia who served for at least 30 days after 24 April 2003 in the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) effort in Afghanistan were eligible to receive the ISAF bar. This was presented in addition to the more generally applicable South-West Asia Service Medal.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Department of National Defence. "DH&R Home > Canadian Honours Chart > General Campaign Star (GCS)". Queen's Printer for Canada. Archived from the original on 17 August 2009. Retrieved 7 September 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Office of the Governor General of Canada. "It's an Honour > Medals > General Campaign Star (GCS)". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 2 October 2010. 
  3. ^ Royal Canadian Mounted Police. "Honours and Recognition Programs > Canadian National Honours". Queen's Printer for Canada. Archived from the original on 23 March 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2009. 
  4. ^ "Governor General announces the General Campaign Star and the General Service Medal" (Press release). Queen's Printer for Canada. 7 July 2004. Retrieved 2 October 2010. 
  5. ^ Directorate of Honours and Recognition (6 May 2016). "General Campaign Star – ALLIED FORCE (GCS-AF)". Retrieved 29 May 2016. 
  6. ^ Directorate of Honours and Recognition (6 May 2016). "General Campaign Star – SOUTH-WEST ASIA (GCS-SWA)". Retrieved 29 May 2016.