Niue is a small island in the South Pacific Ocean, to the east of Tonga. It has an area of 260 square kilometres, and a coastline of 64 km. It claims an exclusive economic zone of 200 nm, and a territorial sea of 12 nm. It is one of world's largest coral islands.
Climate [ edit ]
Niue's climate is
tropical, modified by south-east trade winds. Cyclones pose a natural hazard.
Terrain [ edit ]
The terrain consists of steep coastal
cliffs made from limestone and a central plateau. The lowest point is at sea level, and the highest is an unnamed point near Mutalau settlement, at 68 m.
Natural resources [ edit ]
The island's natural resources are
fish and arable land. Land use in 1993 was as in the following table:
Percentage of area
forests and woodland
Environmental issues [ edit ]
environmental issue is increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash-and-burn agriculture. Niue is a party to the following international agreements regarding the environment: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification. Niue has signed but not ratified the Law of the Sea agreement.
Boundaries [ edit ]
Niue has signed a
treaty with the United States in which the parties delimited the east–west maritime boundary between Niue and American Samoa. Niue is south of American Samoa.
Extreme points [ edit ]
This is a list of the extreme points of
Niue, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.
Coordinates: 19°02′S 169°52′W / 19.033°S 169.867°W