George Ayscue

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Sir George Ayscue
Lely George Ayscue.jpg
Admiral Sir George Ayscue by Sir Peter Lely, painted 1665–1666, part of the Flagmen of Lowestoft series.
Born1616
Died5 April 1672
Westminster, London
Buried
Allegiance Kingdom of England
Service/branch Royal Navy
Years of service1646–1672
RankAdmiral of the White
Commands heldAdmiral of the Irish Seas
Battles/warsBattle of Plymouth
Battle of Lowestoft
Four Days' Battle

Sir George Ayscue (c. 1616 – 5 April 1672) was an English naval officer who served in the English Civil War and the Anglo-Dutch Wars who rose to the rank of Admiral of the White. He also served as Governor of Scilly Isles (1647) and Governor of Barbados (1650–1652).

Biography[edit]

Ayscue (sometimes, erroneously, Askew or Ayscough) came from an old Lincolnshire family, and was knighted by Charles I on 9 August 1641.[1] In 1646 he received a naval command, In August 1647 he was appointed Governor of Scilly Isles a post he held until January 1647.[1] In 1648, during the Civil War, while serving as a captain in the navy of the English Parliament, he prevented the fleet from defecting to the Royalists, and was promoted to General at Sea.[citation needed] In 1649 he was appointed Admiral of the Irish Seas.[1] In 1650 Ayscue was appointed Governor of Barbados and Commander of the squadron sent to the island.[1] In 1651 he served with General at Sea Robert Blake in the capture of the Scilly Isles from Sir John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath. Later that year he captured Barbados from Lord Willoughby and the other English colonies in the Americas.[2] In the First Anglo-Dutch War he was defeated by the Dutch Commodore Michiel de Ruyter at the Battle of Plymouth. Relieved of his command, he went into service in the Swedish Navy, returning after the Restoration of Charles II.[2] In 1664 he was appointed Rear-Admiral of the Blue Squadron.[3] In June 1665 he was appointed Vice-Admiral of the Blue.[1] During the Second Anglo-Dutch War he commanded a squadron at the Battle of Lowestoft in 1665.

In February 1666 he was appointed Admiral of the Blue and at the start of the Four Days' Battle in June 1666 he was elevated to the rank of Admiral of the White,[1] his flagship, Prince Royal, ran aground on the Galloper Shoal and he was forced to surrender his ship to Lieutenant-Admiral Cornelis Tromp, earning the unfortunate distinction of being the highest-ranking English naval officer to have been captured by the enemy. He was held prisoner during the war in the Dutch state prison of Loevestein, and almost certainly never again took to sea as admiral.[2] In December 1671, he was the President of the Court Martial of Rear-Admiral Sir William Jennings, held on board Monmouth.[1] Sir George Ayscue was still a serving officer when he died at his Westminster house on 5 April 1672. His burial was held on 13 April 1672 St Margaret's Church, Westminster, London, England.[1][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Le Fevre, Peter (January 1982). "SIR GEORGE AYSCUE, COMMONWEALTH AND RESTORATION ADMIRAL". The Mariner's Mirror. 68 (2): 189–202. doi:10.1080/00253359.1982.10655858.
  2. ^ a b c Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ayscue, Sir George" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 77.
  3. ^ Campbell, John; Berkenhout, John (1785). Lives of the British admirals: containing a new and accurate naval history, from the earliest periods. London: G. G. J. and J. Robinsons ... p. 272.
  4. ^ Harrison, Simon (2010–2018). "Sir George Ayscue (d.1672)". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 16 February 2019.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
Government offices
Preceded by
The Lord Willoughby of Parham
Governor of Barbados
1651–1652
Succeeded by
Daniel Searle, acting