Province of Canada
1943 (aged 77–78)|
New York City, New York, United States
|Education||École des Beaux-Arts|
|Known for||Painting, art education, anatomy, figure drawing|
George Brant Bridgman (1865–1943) was a Canadian-American painter, writer, and teacher in the fields of anatomy and figure drawing. Bridgman taught anatomy for artists at the Art Students League of New York for some 45 years.
Life and work
Bridgman was born in the United Province of Canada. In his youth, Bridgman studied the arts under painter and sculptor Jean-Léon Gérôme at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and later with Gustave Boulanger. For most of his life Bridgman lived in the United States where he taught anatomy and figure drawing at the Art Students League of New York. Among his many thousands of students were the American cartoonist Will Eisner and Norman Rockwell; in his autobiography, My Adventures as an Illustrator, Rockwell spoke highly of Bridgman. His successor at Art Students League was Robert Beverly Hale.
Bridgman used box forms to represent the major masses of the figure (head, thorax, and pelvis) which he would tie together with gestural lines and produce to create "wedges" or simplified interconnecting forms of the body.
Artists who studied with Bridgman include: McClelland Barclay, Emily Newton Barto, C. C. Beall, Gifford Beal, Elizabeth Cady Stanton Blake, Rosina Cox Boardman, Bessie Callender, Dane Chanase, Richard V. Culter, Chon Day, Helen Winslow Durkee, Will Eisner, Elias Goldberg, Robert Beverly Hale, Lorenzo Homar, Clark Hulings, Jack Kamen, Deane Keller, Andrew Loomis, Anita Malfatti, Paul Manship, Frank McCarthy, Earl Moran, Kimon Nicolaïdes, Corrado Parducci, Frank J. Reilly, Ulysses Ricci, Norman Rockwell, Ernie Schroeder, Archie Boyd Teater, John Vassos, Franklin Brooke Voss, and Edmund Ward.
Jackson Pollock's sketchpad features work from Bridgman's books.
Many of Bridgman's books standards on anatomy for artists, are still in print via Dover Publications.
- Bridgman's Complete Guide to Drawing From Life
- Constructive Anatomy
- The Human Machine
- Bridgman's Life Drawing
- Heads, Features and Faces
- The Book of a Hundred Hands
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Constructive Anatomy (1920).|