George H. Taylor (physician)

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George Herbert Taylor
George H. Taylor physician.png
BornJanuary 4, 1821
DiedDecember 9, 1896
OccupationPhysician, writer

George Herbert Taylor (January 4, 1821 – December 9, 1896) was an American physician and inventor associated with the natural hygiene and physical culture movements. He was known for his practice of homeopathy and introducing Swedish massage to the United States.

Biography[edit]

Taylor was born in Williston, Vermont. In 1852, he graduated at the New York Medical College and practiced hydropathy.[1][2] He worked at Russell Trall's New York Hydropathic and Physiological School as a consulting physician until 1863.[3] From 1854 to 1855, Taylor worked with hydrotherapist Joel Shew.[3] Taylor became a convert to homeopathy and travelled to study Swedish massage at the Royal Gymnastic Central Institute under Lars Branting.[1] Taylor's brother was physician Charles Fayette Taylor. They opened a hydropathic facility.[3]

During 1858–1859, Taylor travelled to Herman Sätherberg's Institute of Kinesipathy in Stockholm to continue his studies.[3] When he returned home he founded the Institute of the Swedish Movement Cure in New York City and his brother joined his practice. In 1862, Olivia Langdon was treated at the institute.[3] He also established the Improved Movement Cure Institute in New York City.[4]

In 1860, Taylor authored the book An Exposition of the Swedish Movement-Cure.[1] His book Diseases of Women was the first book to recommend massage for gynaecological problems.[1] Taylor designed exercise and mechanical massage equipment.[1] He invented mechanical massage apparatus to expand the chest and lift the contents of the pelvis.[5]

Taylor was an advocate of natural hygiene. He believed that correct breathing and diet, gymnastics and mechanical massage could replace medical intervention and restore health.[6][7][8]

Taylor died in New York City on December 9, 1896.[9]

Selected publications[edit]

Improved Movement Cure Institute advert, 1887

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Davidson, Johnathan. (2014). A Century of Homeopaths: Their Influence on Medicine and Health. Springer. p. 146. ISBN 978-1-4939-0526-3
  2. ^ Ira M. Rutkow. (1988). The History of Surgery in the United States, 1775-1900. Volume 1. Norman Publishing. p. 93. ISBN 0-930405-02-1
  3. ^ a b c d e Trombley, Laura E. Skandera. (1994). Mark Twain in the Company of Women. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 85. ISBN 0-8122-1619-9
  4. ^ Beck, Mark F. (2010). Theory and Practice of Therapeutic Massage. Cengage Learning. p. 12. ISBN 978-1-4354-8523-5
  5. ^ Wilson, James Grant; Fiske John. (1889). Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton and Company. p. 43
  6. ^ The Improved Movement Cure Institute. Health: A Home Magazine Devoted to Physical Culture and Hygiene, 1904.
  7. ^ Weber, Jody Marie. (2009). The Evolution of Aesthetic and Expressive Dance in Boston. Cambria Press. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-60497-621-2
  8. ^ Braun, Mary Beth. (2014). Introduction to Massage Therapy, Third Edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-4511-7319-2
  9. ^ Taylor, W. G. Langworthy. (1936). Katie Fox: Epochmaking Medium and the Making of the Fox-Taylor Record. Boston: Bruce Humphries, Inc. p. 139