George B. Hartzog Jr.

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George B. Hartzog Jr.
George B. Hartzog Jr.jpg
George B. Hartzog
Born (1920-01-22)January 22, 1920
Smoaks, South Carolina[1]
Died June 27, 2008(2008-06-27) (aged 88)
Washington, D.C.
Occupation lawyer, Director of the National Park Service

George B. Hartzog Jr. (March 17, 1920 – June 27, 2008) was an American attorney and Director of the National Park Service. Admitted to the bar in South Carolina in 1942, he became an attorney for the General Land Office (now the Bureau of Land Management) in the Department of the Interior in 1945, and six months later transferred to the National Park Service.

He moved to field assignments at Great Smoky Mountains and Rocky Mountain National Parks, and then made his name advancing the Gateway Arch project as superintendent of Gateway Arch National Park (then known as Jefferson National Expansion Memorial) from 1959 to 1962. After briefly leaving the service he returned as associate director in 1963 with the promise of succeeding Conrad Wirth in January 1964. As Director, he served as Stewart Udall’s right arm in achieving a remarkably productive legislative program that included 62 new parks, the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, and the Bible amendment to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act that led to establishment of the Alaska parks. During his nine-year tenure, he enlarged the service's role in urban recreation, historic preservation, interpretation, and environmental education.

Hartzog was dismissed in December 1972 after he pioneered the Washington Monument Syndrome political tactic. He practiced law in Washington, D.C. until his death on June 27, 2008.[2]


  1. ^ Hartzog, Jr., George B. Battling for the National Parks. New York: Mt. Kisco, 1988.
  2. ^ Schudel, Matt. (July 6, 2008.) "Obituaries: George B. Hartzog Jr., 88; Expanded Nation's Park System. The Washington Post. Retrieved on June 14, 2010.

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Government offices
Preceded by
Conrad L. Wirth
Director of the National Park Service
Succeeded by
Ronald H. Walker