|Died||10 September 1934 (aged 84)|
Sir Isidor George Henschel (18 February 1850 – 10 September 1934) was a German-born British baritone, pianist, conductor, composer and academic teacher. First trained as a pianist, he was a concert singer who sometimes sang to his own accompaniment. He was a close friend of Johannes Brahms. His first wife Lillian was also a singer. He was the first conductor of both the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Royal Scottish National Orchestra. He taught at the Institute of Musical Art in New York City.
Georg Isidor Henschel was born at Breslau (now Wrocław, Poland), and educated as a pianist, making his first public appearance in Berlin in 1862. He subsequently took up singing, initially and briefly as a basso profundo but developing a fine baritone voice. In 1868, he sang the role of Hans Sachs in a concert performance of Wagner's Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg at Munich. With one minor and unplanned exception, he never sang on stage, confining himself to concert appearances.
Henschel was a close friend of Johannes Brahms, whom he met in May 1874 at the Lower Rhenish Music Festival in Cologne, where Henschel sang the role of Harapha in Handel's oratorio Samson. The friendship lasted until Brahms's death on 3 April 1897; Henschel reports in his memoirs that he arrived in Vienna only hours too late to see Brahms before his passing, and that their last meeting had been at a restaurant in Leipzig in 1896, where they were joined by Edvard Grieg and Arthur Nikisch.
In 1877, Henschel began a successful career in England, singing at the principal concerts. In 1881, he married the American soprano, Lilian June Bailey (1860–1901), who was associated with him in a number of vocal recitals throughout the United States and nearly all Europe until 1884. Henschel's very highly developed sense of interpretation and style made him an ideal concert singer, while he was no less distinguished as accompanist. In fact he sometimes combined both functions; he made records as late as 1928 for the Columbia Graphophone Company, singing Lieder by Schubert and Schumann to his own accompaniment.
Henschel was also a prominent conductor, in America and England. He became the first conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra in 1881, using the name Georg Henschel. On his appointment, he sent his ideas for an innovative seating chart to Brahms, who replied and commented in an approving letter of mid-November 1881. In 1886, he started a series known as the London Symphony Concerts, and in 1893 became the first conductor of the Royal Scottish National Orchestra.
He was knighted in 1914 and at a farewell concert that year, was presented with a lute engraved with "A token of gratitude for forty years' song". He taught at the Institute of Musical Art in New York, where he met his second wife, Amy Louis, one of his students. He also taught sopranos Lucia Dunham and Vera Curtis, and while in England, Mary Augusta Wakefield.
Compositions and writings
Henschel's compositions include songs, instrumental works, a Stabat Mater (Birmingham Festival, 1894), an opera, Nubia (Dresden, 1899), and a Requiem (Boston, 1903). In 1907 he published a collection of his journals and correspondence in Personal Recollections of Johannes Brahms and in 1918 Musings and Memories of a Musician. A Mass in eight parts a cappella was first sung in 1916.
Henschel died in Aviemore, Scotland, where he maintained his holiday-home Alltnacriche with his wife. He is buried in the churchyard overlooking Loch Alvie, nearby. In 1944 his daughter Helen Henschel, herself a singer, published a biography of her parents entitled When Soft Voices Die: A Musical Biography.
- Baker, Anne Pimlott. "Henschel, Sir George [formerly Isidor Georg]". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33824. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Chisholm 1911.
- The only time he ever sang on stage was at the second performance of his opera Nubia in Dresden in December 1899, replacing one of the singers who had become ill.
- Henschel, George (1907). Personal Recollections of Johannes Brahms. Richard G. Badger. ISBN 0-404-12963-3.
- "HENSCHEL, George". Who's Who. 59: 824. 1907.
- Chisholm 1922.
- Discus (1 October 1929). "Gramophone Notes". The Musical Times. 70 (1040): 903–905. doi:10.2307/914253. JSTOR 914253.
- Avins, Styra (1997). Johannes Brahms: Life and Letters. Oxford University Press. pp. 587–588. ISBN 0-19-816234-0.
- "History". Royal Scottish National Orchestra. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
- "The Realm of Music". The Independent. 6 July 1914. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- "John Singer Sargent's George Henschel". John Singer Sargent Gallery. Archived from the original on 22 February 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2007.
- "Mrs. Lucia Dunham, Juilliard Teacher". The New York Times. 3 April 1959. p. 27.
- Victoria Etnier Villamil (2004). From Johnson's Kids to Lemonade Opera: The American Classical Singer Comes of Age. University Press of New England. p. 254.
- "AMERICAN GIRL WHO HAS NEVER STUDIED ABROAD JOINS THE METROPOLITAN; Miss Vera Curtis, Who Will Sing Soprano Roles in Grand Opera This Season, Hopes to Prove the Efficiency of Our Teachers". The New York Times. 22 September 1912. p. 12.
- "Compositions by: Henschel, George". imslp.org. Retrieved 16 August 2023.
- Henschel, George (1907). Personal recollections of Johannes Brahms. Boston: R.G. Badger. OCLC 1328613.
- Henschel, George (1919). Musings and Memories of a Musician. New York: Macmillan.
- George S. Bozarth; Johannes Brahms (2008). Johannes Brahms and George Henschel. Harmonie Park Press. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-89990-140-4.
- Henschel, Helen (1944). When Soft Voices Die: A Musical Biography. J. Westhouse.
- Dictionary of National Biography
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Henschel, George". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 302. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Henschel, Sir George". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 31 (12th ed.). London & New York: The Encyclopædia Britannica Company. p. 368.
- Jewish Encyclopedia: "Henschel, Georg (Isidor)" by Isidore Singer & A. Porter (1906).
- Works by or about George Henschel at Internet Archive
- Free scores by George Henschel at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- George Henschel and Lilian June Bailey(1860–1901), taken in the 1880s
- Works by George Henschel at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)