George Johnson Armstrong

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George Johnson Armstrong (1902 – 10 July 1941) was the first British citizen to be executed under the Treachery Act 1940. Only four other British subjects were executed under this Act; Jose Estelle Key (a Gibraltarian), Duncan Scott-Ford, Oswald John Job (born in London of German parents) and Theodore Schurch.

Armstrong was born in Newcastle and was a marine engineer by occupation.[1] He was tried on 8 May 1941[2] at the Central Criminal Court (the Old Bailey in London) and convicted for communicating with the German Consul in Boston, Massachusetts, to offer him assistance before the United States entered the Second World War.

His appeal on 23 June 1941, at the Court of Criminal Appeal, was dismissed, and on 10 July 1941 at the age of 39 he was executed by hanging at HM Prison Wandsworth[2] by Thomas Pierrepoint.[3]


  1. ^ "Met Police Statement". Retrieved 17 February.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ a b "George Armstrong". Retrieved 17 February 2012. 
  3. ^ "British Executions - George Johnson Armstron". Retrieved 17 February 2012.