George Town, Tasmania

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George Town
Tasmania
Watch-House-George-Town-20070421-009.jpg
The Watch House
George Town is located in Tasmania
George Town
George Town
Coordinates41°06′S 146°49′E / 41.100°S 146.817°E / -41.100; 146.817Coordinates: 41°06′S 146°49′E / 41.100°S 146.817°E / -41.100; 146.817
Population4,347 (2016 census)[1]
Established1804
Postcode(s)7253
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST)AEDT (UTC+11)
Location
LGA(s)George Town Council
State electorate(s)Bass
Federal division(s)Bass

George Town (Palawa_kani: kinimathatakinta[2]) is a large town in north-east Tasmania, on the eastern bank of the mouth of the Tamar River. The Australian Bureau of Statistics records the George Town Municipal Area had a population of 6,764 as of 30 June 2016.

It is the regional centre of the George Town Council local government area and is well served with a Regional Hospital, supermarkets, and infrastructure.

History[edit]

The Pier Hotel
York Cove

The area now occupied by George Town has been inhabited by Aboriginal Tasmanians since, at least, 7000 BP[3] and possibly as long ago as 43000 BP.

European settlement[edit]

Early observation of the Tamar River occurred in 1798 when Bass and Flinders sailed into the river during their circumnavigation of Tasmania. The estuarine river was named Port Dalrymple and the location that would become George Town was referred to as Outer Cove. William Collins, in January 1804, led an 18 day exploration in of the river to determine the best site for a settlement. In November 1804, Colonel William Paterson arrived with four ships with 181 people, convicts, soldiers, and one free settler and the settlement was established at Outer Cove. Subsequently the main settlement moved to the west arm of the river and then to the river head, some 50 km south, named Launceston. When, in 1811, Governor-In-Chief Lachlan Macquarie toured Tasmania he moved the settlement back to Outer Cove and named it George Town after King George III.[4] The populace were reluctant to relocate and building the town in earnest did not begin until 1819. Because of the needs of maintaining a defensible position at the mouth of the river,regardless of the notional main settlement location, the George Town area has been continuously occupied since 1804 making it one of the earliest European settlements in Australia. [5]

Early communications[edit]

1822 - George Town Post Office opened,[6] Mr. W Brown is appointed Postmaster on 11 October 1822[7]

1825 - Tamar Valley semaphore system[8]

1869 - Eastern Extension Telegraph Cable connects Tasmania to the Australian mainland[9]

Geography and landmarks[edit]

The Paterson Monument

Infrastructure[edit]

The Basslink 400 Kilovolt high-voltage direct current submarine cable connecting Tasmania to the National Electricity Market, terminates in George Town.

In 2007 Alinta built the Tamar Valley Power Station a 200 MW gas-fired power station in the vicinity of George Town creating 200 direct and 100 indirect jobs during construction, and generating electricity from 2009.[11]

Nearby Bell Bay has an aluminium and manganese smelter, as well as the port.

George Town has 3 schools:

Proposed developments[edit]

Bell Bay pulp mill[edit]

Gunns Limited had proposed a pulp mill to be built in the area in 2006, however Gunns entered receivership in 2013, with large debt and the mill did not proceed as the company assets were sold.

Mountain bike trail[edit]

George Town Council is developing 80km of purpose built mountain bike trails over two separate networks - one on the flanks of Mount George near the town centre and the second in the Tippogoree Hills, five-kilometres south of the township. The project is anticipated to be completed by December 2021.[13]

Attractions[edit]

"The Grove" Georgian home built in 1829 attracts many visitors, as does the 1805 convict built pilot station at Low Head.

George Town is also a popular seaside destination for swimming, surfing, and fishing and boating enthusiasts.

George Town is home to a Little Penguin colony at the nearby beach at Low Head.

The George Town Football Club, George Town Bowls Club, George Town Junior Soccer Club and the George Town Cricket Club are notable among its clubs and associations.

The Bass and Flinders Centre has a collection of historical boats including a replica of the 1798 sloop Norfolk.[14]

The Watch House in Macquarie street built in 1843 was the town gaol. The building was refurbished and reopened in 2004 as a gallery and local history museum. It features a scale model of the town as it was in the early nineteenth century.[15]

George Town is home to a vibrant arts community. The Lighthouse Regional Arts group hold a yearly art show, have local and interstate travelling displays at the Watch House and have permanent displays of art at the Bass and Flinders centre, the Low Head pilot station[16] and the Jim Mooney Gallery.[17]

The George Town RSL Military Museum/display in Macquarie Street is one of Tasmania's more diverse Military Museums and has a large static display from conflicts ranging from the 1880s to present day. The collection covers both Australian and overseas militaria and history as well as possibly the only collection of Third Reich artifacts on display in the state.

Media[edit]

George Town has a local radio station – Tamar FM 95.3[18] which is a community radio station generally playing music and advertising local businesses.

Events[edit]

Some main events that happen annually in George Town include:

  • The Tamar Valley Folk Festival, which takes place on the third full weekend in January (one week after the Cygnet Folk Festival) and features performances from local, interstate and sometimes even international musicians, as well as workshops, sessions and other festive events.[19]
  • Steampunk Tasmania Festival[20]
  • George Town New Years Eve Extravaganza hosted by The George Town Neighbourhood House and The Crazy Duck
  • Don Mario's Classic Cars and Coffee - classic car enthusiast meet-up and display, 1st Sunday of each month[21]

Notable people[edit]

Notable people from or who have lived in George Town include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "George Town (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 July 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "kinimathatakinta/George Town Map". Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre. Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre.
  3. ^ "A Timeline of Tasmanian Aboriginal History".
  4. ^ "Journeys In Time - Macquarie's Journals". Macquarie University.
  5. ^ Branagan, J.C. George Town History of the Town and District. Launceston, Tasmania: Regal Publications. pp. 1–9. ISBN 0908291566.
  6. ^ Branagan, J.C. George Town History of the Town and District. Launceston, Tasmania: Regal Publications. p. 80. ISBN 0908291566.
  7. ^ "Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser 12 Oct 1822". Trove.
  8. ^ "Tamar Valley Semaphore System restored". ABC Australia.
  9. ^ "Hobart Mercury 23 MAr 1869.THE SUB-MARINE TELEGRAPH CABLE".
  10. ^ "Tamar Valley Semaphore System". Geoff Ritchie, On The Convict Trail.
  11. ^ "Alinta announces $230m gas-fired power station in Tas". ABC. 26 October 2006. Retrieved 31 October 2006.
  12. ^ "South George Town Primary Education Department website".
  13. ^ "George Town Mountain Bike Trail Development". George Town Mountain Bike Trail Development. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  14. ^ "Bass and Flinders Centre".
  15. ^ "Attractions".
  16. ^ "Low Head Pilot Station Museum".
  17. ^ "Lighthouse Regional Arts, George Town".
  18. ^ "Tamar FM". Tamar FM 95.3. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  19. ^ "Tamar Valley Folk Festival website".
  20. ^ "Steampunk Tasmania Festival".
  21. ^ "Don Mario's Classic Cars & Coffee George Town". Tourism Tasmania.

External links[edit]