George Hudson (entomologist)
Born in London, England, on Easter Saturday, 1867 Hudson was the sixth child of Emily Jane Carnal and Charles Hudson, an artist and stained-glass window designer. By the age of 14 he had built up a collection of British insects, and had published a paper in The Entomologist. In 1881 Hudson moved with his father to Nelson, New Zealand. He worked on a farm, and in 1883, aged 16, he began working at the post office in Wellington, where he eventually became chief clerk, retiring in 1918.
Hudson was a member of the 1907 Sub-Antarctic Islands Scientific Expedition. The main aim of the expedition was to extend the magnetic survey of New Zealand by investigating the Auckland and Campbell islands but botanical, biological and zoological surveys were also conducted. The voyage also resulted in rescue of the castaways of the shipwreck the Dundonald in the Auckland Islands.
Hudson is credited with proposing modern-day daylight saving time. His shift-work job gave him leisure time to collect insects, and led him to value after-hours daylight. In 1895, he presented a paper to the Wellington Philosophical Society proposing a two-hour daylight-saving shift, and after considerable interest was expressed in Christchurch, he followed up in an 1898 paper. In 1933, Hudson was the first recipient (together with Ernest Rutherford) of the T. K. Sidey Medal, set up by the Royal Society of New Zealand from funds collected to commemorate the passing of the Summer-Time Act 1927.
Another Briton, William Willett championed the use of daylight saving time. It was made law there in 1916.
- An Elementary Manual of New Zealand Entomology. London: West, Newman, & Co. 1892. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- New Zealand Neuroptera : a popular introduction to the life-histories and habits of may-flies, dragon-flies, caddis-flies and allied insects inhabiting New Zealand, including notes on their relation to angling. London: West, Newman & Co. 1904. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- The butterflies and moths of New Zealand. Wellington: Ferguson & Osborn Ltd. 1928. Retrieved 10 Oct 2017.
- Fragments of New Zealand entomology. - a popular account of all New Zealand cicadas. The natural history of the New Zealand glow-worm. A second supplement to the butterflies and moths of New Zealand and notes on many other native insects. Wellington: Ferguson & Osborn Ltd. 1950. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
- J.T. Salmon. George Vernon Hudson, F.R.S.N.Z. (1867–1946). Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand. 1946;76(2):264–6.
- Satran, Joe (2012-03-09). "The Man Who Invented Daylight Savings Time". The Huffington Post. AOL Inc. Retrieved 2017-01-17.
- Gibbs, George. "Hudson, George Vernon". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- G. V. Hudson. On seasonal time-adjustment in countries south of lat. 30°. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. 1895;28:734.
- G. V. Hudson. On seasonal time. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. 1898;31:577–588.
- "Background of the Medal". Royal Society of New Zealand. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
- "Recipients". Royal Society of New Zealand. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
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