Gerda Wegener (1904)
|Born||Gerda Marie Fredrikke Gottlieb
15 March 1886
|Died||28 July 1940
She grew up originally from the provinces as the daughter of a clergyman. She moved to Copenhagen to pursue her education at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, and married fellow artist Einar Wegener (later Lili Elbe) (1882–1931) in 1904. After moving to Paris in 1912, she found much success both as a painter and as illustrator for Vogue, La Vie Parisienne, Fantasio, and many other magazines. As she found fame in Paris, Gerda also developed a following in her home country. She held exhibitions at Ole Haslunds gallery in Copenhagen at regular intervals. Her career relied on both her talent but perhaps even more so on her diligence, and the advantages that her unusual marriage brought her.
Wegener, who by many at the time was considered a more talented artist, toned down his own work and profile to help his wife in her artistic endeavors. Posing for Gerda in women's clothes, Wegener adopted the persona of "Lili" and became Gerda's favorite model. Wegener/Elbe eventually identified as a male-to-female transsexual woman. She had the first publicly known sex reassignment surgery in history in 1930. Her partner supported Elbe throughout her transition. The Wegeners' marriage was declared null and void in October 1930 by Christian X, the King of Denmark at that time.
In 1931, Gerda Wegener married the Italian officer, aviator and diplomat Major Fernando Porta (born 1896) and moved with him to Morocco (specifically Marrakech and Casablanca). She divorced Porta in 1936 and returned to Denmark in 1938. She held her last exhibition in 1939, but by this time she was largely out of fashion. She died in July 1940.
Book and film
The Danish Girl, David Ebershoff's 2000 novel about Einar/Lili and Gerda, was an international bestseller and was translated into a dozen languages. The novel is being developed for the screen by producers Gail Mutrux and Neil LaBute.
Books illustrated by Wegener
- Le Livre des Vikings by Charles Guyot (1920 or 1924)
- Une Aventure d'Amour à Venise by Giacomo Casanova. Le Livre du Bibliophile. Georges Briffaut. Collection Le Livre du Bibliophile. Paris. 1927.
- Les Contes by La Fontaine (1928–1929).
- Contes de mon Père le Jars and Sur Talons rouges by Eric Allatini (1929)
- Fortunio by Théophile Gautier (1934)
- L'Anneau ou La Jeune Fille Imprudente by Louis de Robert
- Amour Etrusque by J.-H. Rosny aîné
- L'Abdication de Ris-Orangis by Léo Larguier (1918)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gerda Wegener.|
- Works of Gerda Wegener on all-art.org
- Photos of Gerda Wegener
- Article about Gerda Wegener on abraword.com