German weather ship WBS 2 Coburg

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History
Germany
Name: Coburg
Owner:
  • H. Bischoff & Co (1938–40)
  • Kriegsmarine (1940–44)
Port of registry:
Builder: Schulte & Bruns
Yard number: 125
Launched: 1938
Completed: August 1938
Acquired: 1940
Commissioned: 3 August 1940
Out of service: 3 June 1944
Identification:
  • Code Letters DFDX (1938-40)
  • ICS Delta.svgICS Foxtrot.svgICS Delta.svgICS X-ray.svg
  • WBS 2
General characteristics
Class and type:
  • Fishing trawler (1938–40)
  • Weather ship (1940–44)
Tonnage: 344 GRT, 114 NRT
Length: 41.35 metres (135 ft 8 in)
Beam: 7.70 metres (25 ft 3 in)
Depth: 2.97 metres (9 ft 9 in)
Installed power: Diesel engine, 120 nhp
Propulsion: Single screw propeller
Speed: 11.5 knots (21.3 km/h)
Complement: 18, plus 8 meteorologists (WWII)

Coburg was a fishing trawler that was built in 1938 and requisitioned by the Kriegsmarine in 1940. Converted to a weather ship, she became trapped in ice off the east coast of Greenland in October 1943 and was abandoned in June 1944.

Decsription[edit]

Coburg was 41.35 metres (135 ft 8 in) long with a beam of 7.70 metres (25 ft 3 in). She had a depth of 2.97 metres (9 ft 9 in). She was powered by a 6-cylinder four-stroke single cycle single action diesel engine rated at 120 nhp. It drove a single screw propeller, which gave the vessel a speed of 11.5 knots (21.3 km/h). The engine was built by Maschinenfabriek Augsburg-Nürnburg AG, Augsburg.[1][2]

History[edit]

Coburg was built as yard number 125 in 1938 by Schulte & Bruns, Emden for H Bischoff & Co, Bremen, Germany.[1][3][2] She was completed in August 1938.[2] Her port of registry was Wesermünde and the Code Letters DFDX were allocated.[1]

Coburg was requisitioned by the Kriegsmarine in 1940 and converted to a weather ship. She was commissioned on 3 August as WBS 2 Coburg. She had a complement of eighteen plus eight meteorologists.[3]

On 15 March 1943, Coburg sailed from Hammerfest, Norway escorted by U-657. Her mission was to establish a new automatic weather station on Bear Island.[3] On 28 August, she sailed from Narvik as part of the Bassgeiger Expedition. She became trapped by ice off the Île-de-France, Greenland, eventually making landfall at Cape Sussi, Shannon Island on 16 October. USCGC Northland failed to spot the ship. Her crew spent the winter in snow caves, with supplies being dropped to them by air. In November or December 1943, the Danish Slædepatruljen Sirius discovered the camp, but were unable to mount an attack at the time. An attack on 22 April 1944 was unsuccessful, although one German was killed. On 3 June, Coburg was scuttled and abandoned. The camp was evacuated by Junkers Ju 290 aircraft of 2 Staffeln, Fernaufklärungsgruppe 5 and the personnel returned to Trondheim, Norway.[2][4][5] The burnt out wreck of Coburg was discovered on 24 July 1944 by USCGC Northland. Her crew destroyed the weather station.[6][7]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lloyd's of London (1939). "Lloyd's Register, Steamers & Motorships under 300 tons, Trawlers &c" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d "Coburg (5614885)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  3. ^ a b c "Wetterbeobachtungs-Schiff Coburg WBS 2". Warcovers. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  4. ^ "Bassgeiger German Weather Party". Warcovers. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  5. ^ "Fernauklärungs-Gruppe 5". Warcovers. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  6. ^ "Northland". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  7. ^ Dorsey, Jack. "The Cutter Northland At War". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved 18 February 2015.