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Gideon Mer (Hebrew: גדעון מר, born 1894 in Panevėžys, died 22 March 1961 in Rosh Pinna) was an Israeli scientist whose work was mostly concerned with the eradication of malaria. He was the father of Arna Mer-Khamis and the grandfather of Juliano Mer-Khamis.
This biography largely reproduces the text of the obituary published at his death by the British Medical Journal.
Gideon Mer was born in Lithuania, then part of Imperial Russia. He studied medicine in Russia and France. He immigrated to Palestine in 1914. During World War I he was a medical officer in the Jewish Legion, a unit of the British Army, and served at Gallipoli, in Palestine, Syria, and Turkey. After the war he returned to Rosh Pinna, a Jewish settlement in the north of Palestine, and his laboratory there eventually became a research station for the study of the bionomics of mosquitoes and methods of malaria control. With the opening of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem he joined the Department of Preventive Medicine.
In 1927 Israel Jacob Kligler founded the "Malaria Research Station" of the Hebrew University in Rosh Pina, where pioneering field work was carried out relating to the eradication of malaria. Two years later he appointed Dr. Gideon Mer as the station manager and together they published a series of articles on malaria.
During the Second World War Mer served in the British Forces with the rank of colonel and was malaria adviser to Middle East Command. After the war he joined the staff of the new school of medicine and became chief malaria adviser to the Ministry of Health in Israel, of which he was acting director in 1956 and 1957. As malaria was brought under control Professor Mer investigated the control of other insects, particularly the horse-fly, and the Rosh Pinna research station undertook the testing of insecticides and the training of scientists.
- Obituary in the British Medical Journal 1961 (29 July 1961), Volume 2, Issue 5247, page 315, doi: 10.1136/bmj.2.5247.315-b 
- Kligler, I.J.; Mer, G. (1930). "Studies on malaria: V. Therapeutic value of mixtures of plasmochin and quinine.". Rivista di Malariologia 9 (3): 272–283.
Kligler, I.J.; Mer, G. (1930). "Studies on malaria: VI. Long-range dispersion of Anopheles during the prehibernating period.". Rivista di Malariologia 9 (4): 363–374.
Kligler, I.J.; Mer, G. (1931). "Studies on malaria. VII. Relapse rate after quinine-plasmoquine treatment.". Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. (Oxford University Press) 25 (2): 121–127. doi:10.1016/S0035-9203(31)90043-6.
Kligler, I.J.; Mer, G. (1931). "Studies on malaria. VIII. The migration of infected A. elutus at various seasons of the year.". J. Prevent. Med. 5: 401–407.
Kligler, I.J.; Mer, G. (1931). "Periodic intermittent treatment with chinoplasmine as a measure of malaria control in a hyperendemic area". Rivista di Malariologia 10 (4): 425–438.
Kligler, I.J.; Mer, G. (1932). "Studies on malaria in an uncontrolled hyperendemic area. X. Behaviour of A. elutus in relation to housing and malaria.". Rivista di Malariologia 11: 553–583.
Kligler, I.J.; Mer, G.; Olitzki, L. (1932). "Studies on malaria. XI. Seasonal variations in the food preference of Anopheles elutus.". Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. (Oxford University Press) 26 (3): 283–287. doi:10.1016/S0035-9203(32)90211-9.
Kligler, I.J.; Mer, G. (1936). "Anopheles in Syria and their distribution.". Rivista di Malariologia 15: 217–221.
Kligler, I.J.; Mer, G. (1937). "Studies on the effect of various factors on the infection rate of Anopheles elutus with different species of Plasmodium.". Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 31: 71–83.
Mer, G.; Birnbaum, D.; Kligler, I.J. (1941). "Lysis of blood of malaria patients by bile or bile salts.". Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. (Oxford University Press) 34 (5): 373–378. doi:10.1016/S0035-9203(41)90040-8.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gideon Mer.|
- Gideon Mer at Israel War Veterans League
- The Zion Muleteers of Gallipoli (March 1915 - May 1916) by Martin Sugarman (Jewish Virtual Library). Accessed June 21, 2006.
- Obituary in the British Medical Journal 1961 (29 July 1961), Volume 2, Issue 5247, page 315, doi: 10.1136/bmj.2.5247.315-b
- The early contribution of Dr. John Cropper (1864-1916) to the study of malaria in Ottoman Palestine and its eventual eradication. English-language abstract of article by Zalman Greenberg, What is the link between the sister of the "Titanic" and the history of medicine in Palestine?, in "Harefuah", June 2006; 145(6):457-60, 468-9.